Faculty Profile

Brian G Thomas

Mechanical Science and Engineering
Brian G Thomas
Brian G Thomas
Research Professor, C. J. Gauthier Professor Emeritus
356 Mechanical Engineering Bldg
1206 W. Green
Urbana Illinois 61801
(217) 333-6919

Administrative Titles

  • Director, The Continuous Casting Consortium

Primary Research Area

  • Solid Mechanics

Education

  • Ph.D. Metallurgical Process Engineering University of British Columbia 1985
  • B.Eng. Metallurgical Engineering McGill University 1979
  • D.E.C. Pure and Applied Science John Abbott College 1976

Academic Positions

  • Professor of Mechanical Engineering, Colorado School of Mines, Golden, CO, 2016-date
  • Research Professor, Mechanical Science and Engineering, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, 2016-date
  • C. J. Gauthier Professor Emeritus, Mechanical Science and Engineering, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, 2016-date
  • C. J. Gauthier Professor, Mechanical Science and Engineering, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, 2008-2015
  • Adjunct Professor, Graduate Institute of Ferrous Technology, Pohang University of Science and Technology, Pohang, S. Korea, Sept. 2005-date
  • W. Grafton and Lillian B. Wilkins Professor, Mechanical Science and Engineering, UIUC, 2003-2008
  • Visiting Professor of Metallurgical Process Engineering, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, 2000-01
  • Professor, Department of Mechanical Science and Engineering, UIUC, Aug. 21, 1998-date
  • Affiliate (0% time), Department of Nuclear, Plasma, and Radiological Engineering, UIUC, July 1993-date
  • Affiliate (0% time), Department of Theoretical and Applied Mechanics, UIUC, Aug. 1992-2004
  • Associate Professor, Department of Mechanical and Industrial Engineering, UIUC, Aug. 1991-1998
  • Affiliate (0% time), Department of Materials Science and Engineering, UIUC, Nov. 1989-date
  • Assistant Professor, Department of Theoretical and Applied Mechanics, UIUC, June 21-Aug. 20, 1986
  • Assistant Professor, Department of Mechanical and Industrial Engineering, UIUC, June 1985-Aug. 1991

For more information

Major Consulting Activities

  • Reed Smith, Pittsburgh, PA, (and co-defendants), "Expert opinion on steel product issues," Fall, 2013, Spring, 2014.
  • CBMM North America, Inc, Bridgeville, PA, "Consulting on CC Cracking Problem", July 18, 2013.
  • POSTECH, P. and S. Korea, "Evaluation of factors influencing the size of inclusions in molten steel," Apr., 2012 - Jan., 2013.
  • POSTECH, Pohang, S. Korea, "Evaluation of Mold Flow for an Automobile Steel Continuous Caster", 2011-2012.
  • SSAB North America, Montpelier, IA, ￿Observations on Longitudinal Cracks in SSAB Slabs,￿ Feb. 2, 2011.
  • SSAB North America, Mobile, AL, ￿Observations on Defects in SSAB Slabs,￿ Feb. 4, 2010
  • Parker Poe, Charleston, SC., expert opinion and analysis of spray cooling technology, Fall 2007.
  • Steel Dynamics, Columbia City, IN, ￿Ideal Taper in Continuous Cast Steel,￿ June 9-10, 2005
  • Gerdau Ameristeel, Jackson, TN, ￿Longitudinal Internal Off-Corner Cracks in Billets,￿ March 23, 2005
  • ISG Riverdale Steel, Riverdale, IL, ￿Defects in Thin Slab Casting,￿ Nov. 13, 2004
  • Corus Steel, Ijmuiden, Netherlands, ￿Defects in Thin Slab Casting,￿ June 14-15, 2004
  • BK Manufacturing, Danville, IL, ￿Metallurgical Analysis of Cracked Aluminum Rivets,￿ Fall, 2003
  • Algoma Steel, Sault Ste. Marie, Canada, ￿Defects in Thin Slab Casting,￿ Nov. 13-14, 2003
  • Ispat Inland Steel, East Chicago, IN, ￿Investigation of Longitudinal Cracks,￿ June 19, 2003
  • Special Metals, Huntington, WV, ￿Computational Tools for Analysis of Fluid Flow in Metal Casting Processes,￿ March 24, 2003
  • Sumitec, Benton Harbor, ￿Investigation of Mold Flow Imbalance,￿ May 31, 2003
  • IAS, Argentina, ￿Optimization of slab mold taper,￿ Fall, 2002; Spring, 2003

Research Statement

Professor Thomas's research is in the field of metals processing and focuses on the computational modeling of continuous casting of steel and related processes.

His modeling includes simulation of fluid flow, mass transport, heat transfer, solidification, deformation, and stress. By combining the results of his computational model calculations together with laboratory experiments, metallographic analysis, and measurements on operating commercial casters, he has generated fundamental knowledge about how the continuous casting process works, how defects form, and how quality can be improved. His research has quantified many of the phenomena which govern the continuous casting process, such as turbulent, multiphase fluid flow in the mold cavity, inclusion particle transport and entrapment, interfacial heat transfer and friction, distortion and crack formation. It has demonstrated the importance of mixing in both the tundish and strand during grade transitions when different grades of steel are cast sequentially, and has quantified the large difference between internal and surface compositions when strand mixing is important. This research has explained the mechanisms for how important microstructural features such as oscillation marks and subsurface hooks form during initial solidification at the meniscus. His favorite research activity is to compare the predictions of fundamentally-based models with experimental measurements. Examples in steel casters include fluid velocity and temperature in the liquid pool, surface level fluctuations, particle entrapment locations, breakout shell growth profiles under transient conditions, strand composition gradients due to grade intermixing, off-corner surface depression shapes, slab mold distortion, and crack locations.

Prof. Thomas and his research group have developed several computational tools and new numerical methods for the analysis of metals processes such as continuous casting. This includes a fast user-friendly model of one-dimensional transient heat transfer in the slab-casting process (CON1D). A coupled, two-dimensional, transient finite-element model (CON2D) has been developed to predict temperature, shrinkage and stress development in both horizontal and vertical sections through the solidifying shell as it moves down through the caster. These models are being used to simulate and understand the formation of various defects, such as cracks that form due to non-uniform heat transfer during the early stages of solidification. The CON1D program has been implemented as a real-time software sensor into a fully-online control system (CONONLINE) to monitor temperature and solidification and to control spray-water cooling in the commercial thin-slab casting process.

Prof. Thomas is the director of the Continuous Casting Consortium (CCC), a cooperative research effort to develop accurate computational models of the continuous casting process, and to apply them to solve practical problems of interest to the steel industry.

Research Areas

  • Solid Mechanics

Selected Articles in Journals

  • M. Zappulla, B.G. Thomas, and L. Hibbeler, ￿Effect of Grade on Thermal-Mechanical Behavior of Steel during Initial Solidification￿, Metallurgical and Materials Transactions A, 48 (8), 2017, pp 3777-3793.
  • Jin, K., S.P. Vanka, R.K. Agarwal, and B.G. Thomas, ￿GPU Accelerated Simulations of Three-Dimensional Flow of Powerlaw Fluids in a Driven Cube￿, Int. J. Computational Fluid Dynamics., Vol. 31 (1), 2017, pp. 36-56. DOI 10.1080/10618562.2016.1270449
  • Jin, K., S.P. Vanka, and B.G. Thomas, ￿Large Eddy Simulations of the Effects of EMBr and SEN Submergence Depth on Turbulent Flow in the Mold Region of a Steel Caster￿, Metallurgical and Materials Transactions B, Vol. 48 (1), 2017, pp. 162-178. DOI: 10.1007/s11663-016-0801-z
  • S. Nakhodchi, D.J. Smith, and B.G. Thomas, ￿Thermo-Mechanical Behavior during Encapsulation of Glass in a Steel Vessel￿, Int. Journal of Pressure Vessels and Piping, Vol. 146 (Oct.), 2016, pp. 203-215. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijpvp.2016.07.001
  • Hibbeler, L.C., M.M. Chin See, J. Iwasaki, K.E. Swartz, R.J. O'Malley, and B.G. Thomas, ￿A Reduced-Order Model of Mould Heat Transfer in the Continuous Casting of Steel￿, Applied Mathematical Modeling￿, 40, 2016, pp. 8530-8551. DOI: 10.1016/j.apm.2016.04.002
  • Jin, K., P. Kumar, S.P. Vanka, and B.G. Thomas, ￿Rise of an argon bubble in liquid steel in the presence of a transverse magnetic field￿, Physics of Fluids, Vol. 28, 093301, 2016, pp. 093301-1-27. DOI: 10.1063/1.4961561
  • Cho, S.-M., B.G. Thomas, and S.-H. Kim, “Transient Two-Phase Flow in Slide-Gate Nozzle and Mold of Continuous Steel Slab Casting with and without Double-Ruler Electro-Magnetic Braking”, Metallurgical and Materials Transactions B, Vol. 47B, No. 5, 2016, pp. 3080-3098. DOI 10.1007/s11663-016-0752-4
  • Lee, H.-J., B.G. Thomas, S.-M. Cho, S.-H, Kim, S.-W. Han, T.-I. Chung, and J. Choi, “Thermal Stress Cracking of Slide-Gate Plates in Steel Continuous Casting”, Metallurgical and Materials Transactions B, Vol. 47B, No. 2, 2016, pp. 1453–1464. DOI: 10.1007/s11663-015-0582-9.
  • Jin, K., B.G. Thomas, and X. Ruan, ￿Modeling and Measurements of Multiphase Flow and Bubble Entrapment in Steel Continuous Casting￿, Metallurgical and Materials Transactions B, 47B (1) (Feb.), 2016, pp. 548-565. DOI: 10.1007/s11663-015-0525-5.
  • Petrus, B., D. Hammon, M. Miller, B. Williams, A. Zewe, Z. Chen, J. Bentsman, and B.G. Thomas, ￿New Method to Measure Metallurgical Length and Application to Improve Computational Models,￿ Iron and Steel Technology, 12 (12), December, pp58-66, 2015. (reprinted from AISTech 2015 Proceedings, Cleveland, OH, May 4-6, 2015, Assoc. Iron Steel Technology, Warrendale, PA, pp. 3238-3248).
  • Nakhodchi, S., A. Shokuhfar, S.A. Iraj, and B.G. Thomas ￿Evolution of Temperature Distribution and Microstructure in Multipass Welded AISI 321 Stainless Steel Plates with Different Thicknesses,￿ J. Pressure Vessel Technol., 137 (6), 061405 1-15, (Dec), 2015, PVT-14-1133. DOI:10.1115/1.4030367.
  • Swartz, K.E., L.C. Hibbeler, B.P. Joyce, and B.G. Thomas, ￿Numerical Investigation of Slag Entrainment,￿ Iron and Steel Technology, 12 (7), July, pp79-90, 2015. (reprinted from AISTech 2014 Proceedings, Indianapolis, IN, May 5-8, 2014, Assoc. Iron Steel Technology, Warrendale, PA, pp. 1865-1879).
  • Jin, K., S.P. Vanka, and B.G. Thomas, ￿Three-Dimensional Flow in a Driven Cavity Subjected to an External Magnetic Field,￿ J. Fluids Eng., 137 (July), pp. 071104-1 ￿ 071104-14, 2015.DOI: 10.1115/1.4029731.
  • Thomas, B.G., R. Singh, S.P. Vanka, K. Timmel, S. Eckert, and G. Gerbeth, ￿Effect of Single-Ruler Electromagnetic Braking (EMBr) Location on Transient Flow in Continuous Casting," J. Manufacturing Science and Production, 15 (1), pp. 93-104, 2015. DOI 10.1515/jmsp-2014-0047.
  • Liu, R. and B.G. Thomas, “Model of Gas Flow through Porous Refractory Applied to An Upper Tundish Nozzle,” Metallurgical and Materials Transactions B, 46:1, 388-405, 2015.
  • Maldonado, Y.G., C. Barraza de la P., S. R.A., A.H. Castillejos E., and B.G. Thomas, ￿Estimation of Time-Temperature-Transformation Diagrams of Mold Powder Slags from Thermo-analysis of Non-Isothermal Crystallization,￿ Metallurgical and Materials Transactions B, 46B:1, 286-303, 2015.
  • Liu, R., B.G. Thomas, J. Sengupta, S.D. Chung, and M. Trinh, ￿Measurements of Molten Steel Surface Velocity and Effect of Stopper-rod Movement on Transient Multiphase Fluid Flow in Continuous Casting,￿ ISIJ International, 54:10, 2314-2323, 2014.
  • Jonayat, A. and Brian G. Thomas, ￿Transient Thermo-Fluid Model of Meniscus Behavior and Slag Consumption in Steel Continuous Casting,￿ Metallurgical and Materials Transactions B, 45:5, Oct., 1842-1864, 2014. DOI: 10.1007/s11663-014-0097-9.
  • Liu, R., B. G. Thomas, L. Kalra, T. Bhattacharya, and A. Dasgupta, "Slidegate Dithering Effects on Transient Flow and Mold Level Fluctuations," Iron and Steel Technology, 11:7, July, 87-98, 2014. (reprinted from AISTech 2013 Proceedings, Pittsburgh, PA, May 6-8, 2013, Assoc. Iron Steel Technology, Warrendale, PA, pp. 1351-1364).
  • Liu, R., P. Vanka, and B.G. Thomas, ￿Particle Transport and Deposition in a Turbulent Square Duct Flow with an Imposed Magnetic Field,￿ J. Fluids Engineering, 136:12, 121201, 2014.
  • Mills, K.C., P.E. Ramirez Lopez, P. D. Lee, B. Santillana, B. G. Thomas, and R. Morales, ￿Looking into continuous casting mould,￿ Ironmaking & Steelmaking 05/2014; 41:4, 242-249, 2014.
  • Cho, S.M., S.H. Kim, and B. G. Thomas, ￿Transient Fluid Flow during Steady Continuous Casting of Steel Slabs, Part II: Effect of Double-Ruler Electro-Magnetic Braking (EMBr),￿ ISIJ International, 54:4, (April), 855-864, 2014.
  • Cho, S.M., S.H. Kim, and B. G. Thomas, ￿Transient Fluid Flow during Steady Continuous Casting of Steel Slabs, Part I: Measurements and Modeling of Two-phase Flow," ISIJ International, 54:4, (April), 845-854, 2014.
  • Singh, R., B.G. Thomas, and S.P. Vanka, ￿Large Eddy Simulations of Double-Ruler Electromagnetic Field Effect on Transient Flow during Continuous Casting,￿ Metallurgical and Materials Transactions B, 2014, 45:3, 1098-1115. DOI: 10.1007/s11663-014-0022-2.
  • Thomas, B.G., Q. Yuan, S. Mahmood, R. Liu, and R. Chaudhary, ￿Transport and Entrapment of Particles in Steel Continuous Casting,￿ Metallurgical and Materials Transactions B, 45:1, 22-35, 2014. DOI: 10.1007/s11663-013-9916-7.
  • Hibbeler, L.C. and B. G. Thomas, ￿Mold Slag Entrainment Mechanisms in Continuous Casting Molds,￿ Iron and Steel Technology, 10 (10), 121-136, Oct., 2013. (reprinted from AISTech 2013 Proceedings, Pittsburgh, PA, May 6-8, 2013, Assoc. Iron Steel Technology, Warrendale, PA, pp. 1215-1230).
  • Hibbeler, L. C., M. M. Langeneckert, J. Iwasaki, I. Hwang, R. J. O'Malley, and B. G. Thomas, "Calibration of Thermal Models of Continuous Casting Molds,￿" Iron and Steel Technology - AIST Transactions, 10 (9), 199-210, (Sept.), 2013. (reprinted from AISTech 2012, Atlanta, GA, May 7-9, 2012, Assoc. Iron Steel Technology, Warrendale, PA, pp. 1291-1301).
  • Maldonado, Y. G., F. Andr￿Acosta, A. H. Castillejos, and B. G. Thomas, ￿Kinetic Study of the Devitrification of Mold Powder Slags,￿ Iron and Steel Technology, 10:7, 65-75, (July), 2013. (reprinted from AISTech 2012, Atlanta, GA, May 7-9, 2012, Assoc. Iron Steel Technology, Warrendale, PA, 2012, pp. 1279-1290).
  • Zhou, L., W. Wanlin, R. Liu, and B.G. Thomas, ￿Computational Modeling of Temperature, Flow and Crystallization of Mold Slag during Double-Hot-Thermocouple-Technique Experiments,￿ Metallurgical and Materials Transactions B, 44:5, 1264-1279, 2013. DOI: 10.1007/s11663-013-9864-2.
  • Singh, R., B.G. Thomas, and P. Vanka, "Effects of a Magnetic Field on Turbulent Flow in the Mold Region of a Steel Caster," Metallurgical and Materials Transactions B, 44:5, 1201-1221, 2013. DOI: 10.1007/s11663-013-9877-x.
  • Zhou, X., B.G. Thomas, C.A. Hern￿ez B., A.H. Castillejos E. and F.A. Acosta G., "Measuring heat transfer during spray cooling using controlled induction heating experiments and computational models," Applied Mathematical Modeling, 37, 3181-3192, 2013, DOI: 10.1016/j.apm.2012.07.039
  • Hern￿ez-Bocanegra, C.A., J.I. Minchaca-Mojica, A.H. Castillejos E., F.A. Acosta-Gonz￿z, X. Zhou and B.G. Thomas, "Measurement of Heat Flux in Dense Air-Mist Cooling: Part II ￿ The Influence of Mist Characteristics on Steady-State Heat Transfer," Experimental Thermal and Fluid Science, 44, 161-173, 2013, DOI: 10.1016/j.expthermflusci.2012.06.007
  • Hern￿ez-Bocanegra, C.A., A.H. Castillejos E., F. A. Acosta-Gonz￿z, X. Zhou and B.G. Thomas, "Measurement of Heat Flux in Dense Air-Mist Cooling: Part I ￿ A Novel Steady-State Technique," Experimental Thermal and Fluid Science, 44, 147-160, 2013, DOI: 10.1016/j.expthermflusci.2012.06.01
  • Hibbeler, L.C., B.G. Thomas, R. C. Schimmel, and G. Abbel, "The Thermal Distortion of a Funnel Mold," Metal. Mater. Trans. B., 43B: 5, 1156-1172, 2012, DOI: 10.1007/s11663-012-9696-5
  • Chaudhary, R., B.G. Thomas, and S.P. Vanka, ￿Effect of Electromagnetic Ruler Braking (EMBr) on Transient Turbulent Flow in Continuous Slab Casting using Large Eddy Simulations,￿ Metallurgical and Materials Transactions B, 43B: 3, 532-553, 2012, DOI: 10.1007/s11663-012-9634-6.
  • Cho, S.-M., S.H. Kim, R. Chaudhary, B.G. Thomas, H.-J. Shin, W.-R. Choi and S.-K. Kim, "Effect of Nozzle Clogging on Surface Flow and Vortex Formation in the Continuous Casting Mold," Iron and Steel Technology, 9:7, 85-95, 2012, (reprinted from AISTech 2011, Indianapolis, IN, May 2-5, 2011, Assoc. Iron Steel Technology, Warrendale, PA).
  • Xu, K., and B. G. Thomas, ￿Particle-Size-Grouping Model of Precipitation Kinetics in Microalloyed Steels,￿ Metallurgical and Materials Trans. A, 43A, 1079-1096, 2012, DOI: 10.1007/s11661-011-0938-y
  • Chaudhary, R., S. P. Vanka, and B. G. Thomas, ￿Transient Turbulent Flow in a Liquid-Metal Model of Continuous Casting, Including Comparison of Six Different Methods,￿ Metallurgical and Materials Trans. B, 42B: 5, 987-1007, 2011, DOI: 10.1007/s11663-011-9526-1
  • Nakhodchi, S., B. G. Thomas, and D. J. Smith, ￿Modeling and Measurement of Residual Stresses in a Steel Vessel Containing Glass,￿ Journal of Engineering Materials and Technology, Transactions of the ASME, 133 (3), art. no. 031003, 2011.
  • Xu, K., B. G. Thomas, M. S. Dyer, J. G. Speer, and D. K. Matlock, ￿Model of Microalloy Precipitation during Continuous Casting and Reheating,￿ Iron and Steel Technology, 8:10 (Oct.) 59-68, 2011. (reprinted from AISTech 2011, Indianapolis, IN, May 2-5, 2011, Assoc. Iron Steel Technology, Warrendale, PA).
  • Chaudhary, R., A.F. Shinn, S.P. Vanka, and B. G. Thomas ￿Direct Numerical Simulations of Transverse and Spanwise Magnetic Field Effects on Turbulent Flow in a 2:1 Aspect Ratio Rectangular Duct,￿ Computers and Fluids, 51, pp. 100-114, 2011. DOI: 10.1016/j.compfluid.2011.08.002
  • Rowan, M. B. G. Thomas, C. Bernhard, and R. Pierer, ￿Measuring Mechanical Behavior of Steel During Solidification: Modeling the SSCC Test,￿ Metallurgical and Materials Trans. B, 42B: 4, 837-851, 2011. DOI: 10.1007/s11663-010-9470-5
  • Chaudhary, R., G.-G. Lee, B. G. Thomas, S.-M. Cho, S.-H. Kim, and O.-D. Kwon, ￿Effect of Stopper-Rod Misalignment on Fluid Flow in Continuous Casting of Steel," Metallurgical and Materials Transactions B, 42B:2, (Apr.), 300-315, 2011, DOI: 10.1007/s11663-011-9478-5
  • Xu, K., B.G. Thomas, and R.J. O￿Malley, ￿Equilibrium Model of Precipitation in Microalloyed Steels," Metallurgical and Materials Transactions A, 42A:2, (Feb.) 524-539, 2011. DOI: 10.1007/s11661-010-0428-7
  • Petrus, B., K. Zheng, X. Zhou, B. G. Thomas, and J. Bentsman, ￿Real-Time Model-Based Spray-Cooling Control System for Steel Continuous Casting,￿ Metallurgical and Materials Transactions B: Process Metallurgy and Materials Processing Science, Vol. 42B (1), Feb., 87-103, 2011; DOI: 10.1007/s11663-010-9452-7
  • Hoa, B.A. and B.G. Thomas, ￿Application of Computational Model for Alumina Dissolution in Molten Slag,￿ J. Science Technology, Vietnam, V. 78A, pp. 59-63, 2010.
  • Koric, S., L. C. Hibbeler, R. Liu, and B. G. Thomas, ￿Multiphysics Model of Metal Solidification on the Continuum Level,￿ Numerical Heat Transfer, Part B: Fundamentals, 58: 6, 371-392, 2010; DOI: 10.1080/10407790.2011.540954
  • Koric, S., B.G. Thomas, and V. R. Voller, ￿Enhanced Latent Heat Method to Incorporate Superheat Effects Into Fixed-Grid Multiphysics Simulations,￿ Numerical Heat Transfer, Part B: Fundamentals, 57:6, 396-413, 2010. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/10407790.2010.496657.
  • Chaudhary, R., S.P. Vanka, and B.G. Thomas, ￿Direct Numerical Simulations of Magnetic Field Effects on Turbulent Flow in a Square Duct,￿ Physics of Fluids, 22:7, (July) 075102, 2010. http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.3456724
  • Lee, G.G., B.G. Thomas, and S.-H. Kim, ￿Effect of Refractory Properties on Initial Bubble Formation in Continuous-casting Nozzles,￿ Metals and Materials International, S. Korea, Vol. 16(3), 2010, pp.501-506.
  • Thomas, B.G., ￿Industry Implementation of Mathematical Models: Examples in Steel Processing; Howe Memorial Lecture, 2009￿, Iron and Steel Technology, 7:7, (July) 70-87, 2010. (reprinted from: AISTech 2009 Steelmaking Conference Proceedings, St. Louis, MO, May 4-7, 2009).
  • Hibbeler, L.C., S. Koric, K. Xu, B.G. Thomas, and C. Spangler, “Thermo-Mechanical Modeling of Beam Blank Casting”, Iron and Steel Technology, 6:7 (July), 2009, pp. 60-73. (reprinted from: AISTech 2008 Steelmaking Conference Proc., Pittsburgh, PA, May 5-8, 2008, Assoc. Iron Steel Tech., Warrendale, PA, Vol. 1, 2008).
  • Hibbeler, L. C., B. G. Thomas, B. Santillana, A. Hamoen, and A. Kamperman, ￿Longitudinal Face Crack Prediction with Thermo-Mechanical Models of Thin Slabs in Funnel Moulds,￿ Metallurgia Italiana, 6:2, 1-10, 2009.
  • Sengupta, J., C. Ojeda and B. G. Thomas, ￿Thermal-Mechanical Behaviour during Initial Solidification in Continuous Casting: Steel Grade Effects,￿ International Journal Cast Metals Research, 22:1-4, 8-14, 2009.
  • Lee, G. G, H.-J. Shin, S.-H. Kim, S.-K. Kim, W.-Y. Choi, and B .G. Thomas, ￿Prediction and Control of Subsurface Hooks in Continuous-cast Ultra-Low-Carbon Steel Slabs,￿ Ironmaking and Steelmaking, 36:1, 39-49, 2009.
  • Koric, S., L. C. Hibbeler, and B. G. Thomas, ￿Explicit Coupled Thermo-Mechanical Finite Element Model of Steel Solidification,￿ International Journal of Numerical Methods in Engineering, 78, 1-31, Mar. 2009.
  • Pfeiler, C., B. G. Thomas, A. Ludwig, and M. Wu, ￿Particle Entrapment in the Mushy Region of a Steel Continuous Caster,￿ Steel Research, 79:8, 599-607, Aug. 2008.
  • Cho, M. J., B. G. Thomas, and P. J. Lee, ￿3-D Numerical Study of Impinging Water Jets in Run out Table Cooling Processes,￿ Metallurgical and Materials Transactions B, 39B:4, 593-602, Aug. 2008.
  • Santillana, B., B. G. Thomas, L. C. Hibbeler, A. Hamoen, A. Kamperman, and W. van der Knoop, ￿Investigating Mold Heat Transfer In Thin Slab Casting With CON1D,￿ Iron and Steel Technology, 5:7, 51-63, July 2008, (reprinted from AISTech 2007, Steelmaking Conference Proc., May 7-10, Indianapolis, IN, AIST, Warrendale, PA, Vol. 1, 2007).
  • Santillana, B., L. C. Hibbeler, B. G. Thomas, A. Hamoen, A. Kamperman, and W. van der Knoop, ￿Investigating Heat Transfer In Funnel-Mould Casting With CON1D: Effect of Plate Thickness,￿ ISIJ International, 48:10, 1380-1388, 2008.
  • Chaudhary, R., G.-G. Lee, B. G. Thomas, and S.-H. Kim, ￿Transient Mold Fluid Flow with Well- and Mountain- Bottom Nozzles in Continuous Casting of Steel,￿ Metallurgical and Materials Transactions B, 39B:6, 870-884, Dec. 2008. DOI: 10.1007/s11663-008-9192-0.
  • Okelman, M. K., B. G. Thomas, and M. Powers, ￿Effect of Geometry on Void Formation in Commercial Electroplating of Thin Strips to Copper,￿ Surface and Coatings Technology, 202:17, 4153-4158, 2008.
  • Koric, S., and B. G. Thomas, ￿Thermo-mechanical Models of Steel Solidification Based on Two Elastic Visco-plastic Constitutive Laws,￿ Journal of Materials Processing Technology, 197:3, 408-418, Feb. 2008.
  • Cukierski, K., and B. G. Thomas, ￿Flow Control with Local Electromagnetic Braking in Continuous Casting of Steel Slabs,￿ Metallurgical and Materials Transactions B, 39B:1, 94-107, Feb. 2008.
  • Lee, G. G, B .G. Thomas, H.-J. Shin, S.-K. Baek, C.-H. Choi, D.-S. Kim, S.-J. Yu, and S.-H. Kim, ￿Microstructure Near Corners of Continuous-cast Steel Slabs Showing Three-dimensional Frozen Meniscus and Hooks,￿ Acta Materialia, 55:20, 6705-6712, Dec. 2007.
  • Sengupta, J., B. G. Thomas, H. J. Shin, and S. H. Kim, ￿Mechanism of Hook Formation in Ultra-low Carbon Steels based on Microscopy Analysis and Thermal-stress Modeling,￿ Iron and Steel Technology, 4:7, 83-95, July 2007. (reprinted from AISTech 2006 Steelmaking Conference Proc., May 1-4, Cleveland, OH, AIST, Warrendale, PA, Vol. 1,903-914, 2006.)
  • Zhang, L., S. Yang, X. Wang, K. Cai, J. Li, X. Wan, and B. G. Thomas, ￿Investigation of Fluid Flow and Steel Cleanliness in the Continuous Casting Strand,￿ Metallurgical and Materials Transactions B, 38B:1, 63-83, Feb. 2007.
  • Thomas, B. G., Q. Yuan, B. Zhao, and S. P. Vanka, ￿Transient Fluid-Flow Phenomena in the Continuous Steel-Slab Casting Mold and Defect Formation,￿ JOMe, (Journal of Metals ￿ electronic edition), December 2006, www.tms.org/jom.html (http://www.tms.org/pubs/journals/JOM/0612/Thomas/Thomas-0612.html)
  • Sengupta, J., and B. G. Thomas, ￿Visualization of Hook and Oscillation Mark Formation Mechanism in Ultra-Low Carbon Steel Slabs During Continuous Casting,￿ JOMe, (Journal of Metals ￿ electronic edition), December 2006 www.tms.org/jom.html (http://www.tms.org/pubs/journals/JOM/0612/Sengupta/Sengupta-0612.html)
  • Thomas, B. G., and J. Sengupta, ￿Visualization of Defect Formation in Casting Processes,￿ Journal of Metals, 58:12, 16-18, December 2006, and also in: http://www.tms.org/pubs/journals/JOM/0612/
  • Shin, Ho-Jung, S. H. Kim, B. G. Thomas, G. G. Lee, J. M. Park, and J. Sengupta, ￿Measurement and Prediction of Lubrication, Powder Consumption, and Oscillation Mark Profiles in Ultra-low Carbon Steel Slabs,￿ ISIJ International, 46:11, 1635-1644, 2006.
  • Thomas, B. G., ￿Escoamento do a￿l￿ido e remo￿ deinclus￿n￿met￿cas,￿ (Removal of Nonmetallic Inclusions from Molten Steel), Metallurgia & Materials, Brazil, 573:62, 655-657, 2006.
  • Zhang, L., and B. G. Thomas, ￿State of the Art in the Control of Inclusions during Steel Ingot Casting,￿ Metallurgical and Materials Transactions B, 37:5, 733-761, Oct. 2006.
  • Thomas, B. G., ￿Modeling of Continuous-Casting Defects Related to Mold Fluid Flow,￿ Iron and Steel Technology (AIST Transactions, 3:5), 3:7, 128-143, July 2006.
  • Zhang, L., B. Rietow, B. G. Thomas, and K. Eakin, ￿Large Inclusions in Plain-Carbon Steel Ingots Cast by Bottom Teeming,￿ ISIJ International, 46:5, 670-679, 2006.
  • Zhang, L., J. Aoki, and B. G. Thomas, ￿Inclusion Removal by Bubble Flotation in a Continuous Casting Mold,￿ Metallurgical and Materials Transactions B, 37B:3, 361-379, June 2006.
  • Meng, Y. and B. G. Thomas, ￿Simulation of Microstructure and Behavior of Interfacial Mold Slag Layers in Continuous Casting of Steel,￿ ISIJ International, 46:5, 660-669, May 2006.
  • Koric, S. and B. G. Thomas, ￿Efficient Thermo-Mechanical Model for Solidification Processes,￿ Int. J. Num. Meths. Eng, Vol. 66:12, 1955-1989, June 2006.
  • Zhang, L., J. Zhi, F. Mei, L. Zhu, X. Jiang, J. Shen, J. Cui, K. Cai, and B. G. Thomas, ￿Basic Oxygen Furnace Based Steelmaking Processes and Cleanliness Control at Baosteel,￿ Ironmaking & Steelmaking, 33:2, 129-139, 2006.
  • Sengupta, J., B. G. Thomas, H. J. Shin, G. G. Lee, and S. H. Kim, ￿Mechanism of Hook Formation during Continuous Casting of Ultra-low Carbon Steel Slabs,￿ Metallurgical and Materials Transactions A, 37A:5, 1597-1611, May 2006.
  • Sengupta, J., H.-J. Shin, B. G. Thomas, and S.-H. Kim, ￿Micrograph Evidence of Meniscus Solidification and Sub-Surface Microstructure Evolution in Continuous-Cast Ultra-Low Carbon Steels,￿ Acta Materialia, 54:4, 1165-1173, February 2006.
  • Meng, Y., B. G. Thomas, A. A. Polycarpou, A. Prasad, and H. Henein, ￿Mold Slag Property Measurements to Characterize Continuous-Casting Mold ￿ Shell Gap Phenomena,￿ Canadian Metallurgical Quarterly, 45:1, 79-94, 2006.
  • Shin, H.-J., G .G. Lee, W. Y. Choi, S. M. Kang, J. H. Park, S. H. Kim, and B. G. Thomas, ￿ Effect of Mold Oscillation on Powder Consumption and Hook Formation in Ultra Low Carbon Steel Slabs,￿ Iron & Steel Technology, 2:9, 56-69, Sept. 2005, (reprinted from AISTech, 2004, Nashville, TN, Sept. 15-17, 2004, Assoc. Iron Steel Technology, Warrendale, PA, pp. 1157-70).
  • Zhao, B., B. G. Thomas, S. P. Vanka, and R. J. O￿Malley, ￿Transient Fluid Flow and Superheat Transport in Continuous Casting of Steel Slabs,￿ Metallurgical and Materials Transactions B ￿ Process Metallurgy and Materials Processing Science, 36B:12, 801-823, December 2005.
  • Zhao, B., B. G. Thomas, S. P. Vanka, and R. J. O￿Malley, ￿Transient Flow and Temperature Transport in Continuous Casting of Steel Slabs,￿ ASME Journal Heat Transfer, Vol. 127, 807, 2005.
  • Yuan, Q., B. Zhao, S. P. Vanka, and B. G. Thomas; ￿Study of Computational Issues in Simulation of Transient Flow in Continuous Casting,￿ Steel Research International, Special Issue: Simulation of Fluid Flow in Metallurgy, 76:1, 33-43, Jan., 2005.
  • Sengupta, J., B. G. Thomas, and M. A. Wells, ￿The Use of Water Cooling During the Continuous Casting of Steel and Aluminum Alloys,￿ Metallurgical and Materials Transactions A ￿ Physical Metallurgy and Materials Science, 36A:1, 187-204, Jan., 2005.
  • Zhao, B., S. P. Vanka, and B. G. Thomas, ￿Numerical Study of Flow and Heat Transfer in a Molten Flux Layer,￿ Int. J. Heat and Fluid Flow, 26:1, 105-118, 2005.
  • Thomas, B. G., M. Jenkins, and R. B. Mahapatra "Investigation of Strand Surface Defects Using Mold Instrumentation and Modelling," Ironmaking & Steelmaking, 31, 485-494, 2004.
  • Yuan, Q., S. Sivaramakrishnan, S. P. Vanka, and B. G. Thomas, ￿Computational and Experimental Study of Turbulent Flow in a 0.4-Scale Water Model of a Continuous Steel Caster,￿ Metallurgical and Materials Transactions B, 35B:5, 967-982, 2004.
  • Li, C. and B. G. Thomas, ￿Thermo-Mechanical Finite-Element Model of Shell Behavior in Continuous Casting of Steel,￿ Metallurgical and Materials Transactions B, 35B:6, 1151-1172, 2004.
  • Yuan, Q., B. G. Thomas, and S. P. Vanka, ￿Study of Transient Flow and Particle Transport during Continuous Casting of Steel Slabs, Part 2. Particle Transport,￿ Metallurgical and Materials Transactions B, 35B:4, 703-714, 2004.
  • Yuan, Q., B. G. Thomas, and S. P. Vanka, ￿Study of Transient Flow and Particle Transport during Continuous Casting of Steel Slabs, Part 1. Fluid Flow,￿ Metallurgical and Materials Transactions B, 35B:4, 685-702, 2004.
  • Meng, Y. and B. G. Thomas, ￿Modeling Transient Slag-Layer Phenomena in the Shell/Mold Gap in Continuous Casting of Steel,￿ Metallurgical & Materials Transactions B, 34B:5, 707-725, 2003.
  • Meng, Y. and B. G. Thomas, ￿Heat-Transfer and Solidification Model of Continuous Slab Casting: CON1D,￿ Metallurgical & Materials Transactions B, 34B:5, 685-705, 2003.
  • Thomas, B. G., M. Langeneckert, L. Castell￿M. Dziuba, G. DiGresia, and W. Balante, ￿Optimization of Narrow Face Water Slot Design for the Siderar Slab Casting Mould,￿ Ironmaking and Steelmaking, 30:3, 235-239, 2003.
  • Li, Chunsheng and Thomas, B. G., ￿Thermo-Mechanical Finite-Element Model of Shell Behavior in the Continuous Casting of Steel,￿ Key Engineering Materials, Trans. Tech. Publications, Switzerland, Vols. 233-236, 827-834, 2003, (reprinted from Sixth Asia-Pacific Symposium on Engineering Plasticity and Its Applications, Sydney, NSW, Australia, Trans. Tech., 827-834, December 2-6, 2002).
  • Zhang, L. and B. G. Thomas, ￿State of the Art in Evaluation and Control of Steel Cleanliness,￿ ISIJ International, 43:3, 271-291, 2003.
  • Park, J. K, B. G. Thomas, and I. V. Samarasekera, ￿Analysis of Thermomechanical Behaviour in Billet Casting with Different Mold Corner Radii,￿ Ironmaking and Steelmaking, 29:5, 359-375, 2002.
  • Thomas, B. G., ￿Modeling of the Continuous Casting of Steel--Past, Present and Future,￿ Mettallurgical and Materials Transactions B, 33B, 795-812, 2002.
  • Thomas, B. G., Q. Yuan, S. Sivaramakrishnan, and S. P. Vanka, "Transient Fluid Flow in the Continuous Steel-slab Casting Mold", JOM-e, (Journal of Metals - electronic edition), 54:1, Jan. 2002, www.tms.org/jom.html (http://www.tms.org/pubs/journals/JOM/0201/Thomas/Thomas-0201.html).
  • Thomas, B. G. ￿Casting Process Simulation and Visualization: A JOM-e Perspective,￿ Journal of Metals, 54:1, 20-21, Jan. 2002; also in (http://www.tms.org/pubs/journals/JOM/0201/Thomas/Thomas-0201-commentary.html).
  • Park, J-K., B. G. Thomas, I. V. Samarasekera, and U. S. Yoon, ￿Thermal and Mechanical Behavior of Copper Moulds During Thin Slab Casting (II): Mould Crack Formation,￿ Metallurgical and Materials Transactions B, 33B, 437-449, 2002.
  • Park, J. K., B. G. Thomas, I. V. Samarasekera, and U. S. Yoon, ￿Thermal and Mechanical Behavior of Copper Moulds During Thin Slab Casting (I): Plant Trial and Mathematical Modelling,￿ Metallurgical and Materials Transactions B, 33B, 425-436, 2002.
  • Bernhard, C., B. G. Thomas, G. Xia, and C. Chimani, ￿Simulation of Solidification and Microstructure in Continuous Casting,￿ Berg- und Huettenmaennische Monatshefte, Jg. Heft. 9, 146, 376-385, 2001.
  • Thomas, B. G. and L. Zhang, ￿Review: Mathematical Modeling of Fluid Flow in Continuous Casting,￿ Iron Steel Institute Japan (ISIJ) International, 41:10, 1181-1193, 2001.
  • Bai, H. and B. G. Thomas, ￿Bubble Formation during Horizontal Gas Injection into Downward-Flowing Liquid,￿ Metallurgical and Materials Transactions B, 32B:6, 1143-1159, 2001.
  • Thomas, B. G., Q. Yuan, S. Sivaramakrishnan, T. Shi, S. P. Vanka, and M. B. Assar, ￿Comparison of Four Methods to Evaluate Fluid Velocities in a Continuous Slab Casting Mold,￿ Iron Steel Institute Japan (ISIJ) International, 41:10, 1262-1271, 2001.
  • Bai, H. and B. G. Thomas, ￿Effects of Clogging, Argon Injection, and Continuous Casting Conditions on Flow and Air Aspiration in Submerged Entry Nozzles,￿ Metallurgical and Materials Transactions B, 32B:4, 707-722, 2001.
  • Won, Y-M. and B. G. Thomas, ￿Simple Model of Microsegregation During Solidification of Steels,￿ Metallurgical and Materials Transactions A, 32A:7, 1755-1767, 2001.
  • Bai, H. and B. G. Thomas, ￿Turbulent Flow of Liquid Steel and Argon Bubbles in Slide-Gate Tundish Nozzles, Part II, Effect of Operation Conditions and Nozzle Design,￿ Metallurgical and Materials Transactions B, 32B:2, 269-284, 2001.
  • Bai, H. and B. G. Thomas, ￿Turbulent Flow of Liquid Steel and Argon Bubbles in Slide-Gate Tundish Nozzles, Part I, Model Development and Validation,￿ Metallurgical and Materials Transactions B, 32B:2, 253-267, 2001.
  • Li, G., B. G. Thomas, and J. F. Stubbins, ￿Modeling Creep and Fatigue of Copper Alloys,￿ Metallurgical and Materials Transaction A, 31A:10, 2491 ￿ 2502, 2000.
  • Stone, D. T. and B. G. Thomas, ￿Measurement and Modeling of Heat Transfer Across Interfacial Mold Flux Layers,￿ Canadian Metallurgical Quarterly, 38:5, 363-375, 1999.
  • Miki, Y. and B. G. Thomas, ￿Modeling of Inclusion Removal in a Tundish,￿ Metallurgical and Materials Transactions B, 30B:4, 639-654, 1999.
  • Huang, X. and B. G. Thomas, ￿Modeling of Transient Flow Phenomena in Continuous Casting of Steel,￿ Canadian Metallurgical Quarterly, 37:3-4, 197-212, 1998.
  • Thomas, B. G., G. Li, A. Moitra, and D. Habing, ￿Analysis of Thermal and Mechanical Behavior of Copper Molds During Continuous Casting of Steel Slabs,￿ Iron and Steelmaker (ISS Transactions), 25:10, 125-143, 1998.
  • Miki, Y, Y. Shimada, B. G. Thomas, and A. Dennisov, ￿Model of Inclusion Removal During RH Degassing of Steel,￿ Iron and Steelmaker, 24;8, 31-38, 1997.
  • Thomas, B. G., "Modeling Study of Intermixing in Tundish and Strand during a Continuous-Casting Grade Transition," Iron and Steelmaker (ISS Transactions), 24:12, 83-96, 1997.
  • El-Bealy, M. and B. G. Thomas, "Prediction of Dendrite Arm Spacing for Low Alloy Steel Casting," Metallurgical and Materials Transactions B, Communications, 27B:4, 689-693, 1996.
  • McDavid, R. and B. G. Thomas, "Flow and Thermal Behavior of the Top Surface Flux/Powder Layers in Continuous Casting Molds," Metallurgical and Materials Transactions B, 27B:4, 672-685, Aug. 1996.
  • Huang, X. and B. G. Thomas, "Intermixing Model of Continuous Casting During a Grade Transition," Metallurgical and Materials Transactions B, 27B:4, 617-632, Aug. 1996.
  • Li, G. and B. G. Thomas, "Transient Thermal Model of the Continuous Single-Wheel Thin-Strip Casting Process," Metallurgical and Materials Transactions B, 27B:3, 509-525, 1996.
  • Thomas, B. G., A. Moitra, and R. McDavid, "Simulation of Longitudinal Off-Corner Depressions in Continuously Cast Steel Slabs," Iron and Steelmaker (ISS Transactions), 23:4, 57-70, 1996.
  • Thomas, B. G. and B. Ho, "Spread Sheet Model of Continuous Casting," Journal of Engineering for Industry, 118:1, 37-44, 1996.
  • Watson, J. W., X. Huang, and B. G. Thomas, "Casting Dissimilar Steel Grades," Steel Technology International, Peter H. Scholes, ed., Sterling Publications Limited, London, UK, 1995/96, 167-170, 1995.
  • Watson, J. W., X. Huang, and B. G. Thomas, "A Steel Composition Model for Continuous Slab Casting During a Grade Transition," Iron and Steelmaker, 22:3, 61-65, 1995.
  • Najjar, F. M., B. G. Thomas, and D. E. Hershey, "Numerical Study of Steady Turbulent Flow through Bifurcated Nozzles in Continuous Casting," Metallurgical and Materials Transactions B, 26B:4, 749-765, 1995.
  • Thomas, B. G., "Issues in Thermal-Mechanical Modeling of Casting Processes," Journal of Iron and Steel Institute of Japan International, 35:6, 737-743, 1995.
  • Ridolfi, M. R., B. G. Thomas, G. Li, and U. Della Foglia, "The Optimization of Mold Taper for the Ilva-Dalmine Round Bloom Caster," La Revue de Metallurgie - CIT, 91:2, 609-620, 1994.
  • Thomas, B. G., X. Huang, and R. C. Sussman, "Simulation of Argon Gas Flow Effects in a Continuous Slab Caster," Metallurgical and Materials Transactions B, 25B:4, 527-547, 1994.
  • Huang, X. and B. G. Thomas, "Modeling of Steel Grade Transition in Continuous Slab Casting Processes," Metallurgical Transactions B, 24B:2, 379-393, 1993.
  • Hershey, D. E., B. G. Thomas, and F. M. Najjar, "Turbulent Flow through Bifurcated Nozzles," International Journal for Numerical Methods in Fluids, 17:1, 23-47, 1993.
  • Sussman, R. C., M. T. Burns, X. Huang, and B. G. Thomas, "Inclusion Particle Behavior in a Continuous Slab Casting Mold," Iron and Steelmaker, 20:2, 14-16, 1993.
  • Matway, R. J. and B. G. Thomas, "Review of the Research in Progress Session at the Spring Conference," Iron and Steelmaker, 19:6, 40, 1992.
  • Huang, X., B. G. Thomas, and F. M. Najjar, "Modeling Superheat Removal during Continuous Casting of Steel Slabs," Metallurgical Transactions B, 23B:3, 339-356, 1992.
  • Kozlowski, P. F., B. G. Thomas, J. Azzi, and H. Wang, "Simple Constitutive Equations for Steel at High Temperature," Metallurgical Transactions A, 23A:3, 903-918, 1992.
  • Thomas, B. G. and F. M. Najjar, "Finite Element Modelling of Turbulent Fluid Flow and Heat Transfer in Continuous Casting," Applied Mathematical Modeling, 15:5, 226-243, May 1991.
  • Voller, V. R., C. R. Swaminathan, and B. G. Thomas, "Fixed Grid Techniques for Phase Change Problems: A Review," International Journal of Numerical Methods in Engineering, 30:4, 875-898, 1990.
  • Yu, K. O., J. J. Beffel, M. Robinson, D. D. Goettsch, B. G. Thomas, D. Pinella, and R. G. Carlson, "Solidification Modeling of Single-Crystal Investment Castings," AFS Transactions, 98:53, 417-428, 1990.
  • Thomas, B. G., L. J. Mika, and F. M. Najjar, "Simulation of Fluid Flow Inside a Continuous Slab Casting Machine," Metallurgical Transactions B, 21B:2, 387-400, April 1990.
  • Thomas, B. G., "Application of Mathematical Models to the Continuous Slab Casting Mold," Iron and Steelmaker, 16:12, 53-66, 1989; also in ISS Transactions, Iron and Steel Society, Warrendale, PA, 11, 143-156, 1990.
  • Kelly, J. E., K. P. Michalek, T. G. O'Connor, B. G. Thomas, and J. A. Dantzig, "Initial Development of Thermal and Stress Fields in Continuously Cast Steel Billets," Metallurgical Transactions A, 19A:10, 2589-2602, Nov., 1988.
  • Thomas, B. G., I. V. Samarasekera, and J. K. Brimacombe, "Investigation of Panel Crack Formation in Steel Ingots, Part II: Off-Corner Panel Cracks," Metallurgical Transactions B, 19B:2, 289-301, April, 1988.
  • Thomas, B. G., I. V. Samarasekera, and J. K. Brimacombe, "Investigation of Panel Crack Formation in Steel Ingots, Part I: Mathematical Analysis and Mid-Face Panel Cracks," Metallurgical Transaction B, 19B:2, 277-287, April, 1988.
  • Thomas, B. G., I. V. Samarasekera, and J. K. Brimacombe, "Mathematical Model of the Thermal Processing of Steel Ingots, Part II: Stress Model," Metallurgical Transactions B, 18B:1, 131-147, March, 1987.
  • Thomas, B. G., I. V. Samarasekera, and J. K. Brimacombe, "Mathematical Model of the Thermal Processing of Steel Ingots, Part I: Heat Flow Model," Metallurgical Transactions B, 18B:1, 119-130, March, 1987.
  • Thomas, B. G., J. K. Brimacombe, and I. V. Samarasekera, "The Formation of Panel Cracks in Steel Ingots, A State of the Art Review, II--Mid-Face and Off-Corner Cracks," Transactions of the Iron and Steel Society, 7, 21-29, 1986.
  • Thomas, B. G., J. K. Brimacombe, and I. V. Samarasekera, "The Formation of Panel Cracks in Steel Ingots, A State of the Art Review, I--Hot Ductility of Steel," Transactions of the Iron and Steel Society, 7, 7-20, 1986.
  • Thomas, B. G., I. V. Samarasekera, and J. K. Brimacombe, "Comparison of Numerical Modeling Techniques for Complex, Two-Dimensional, Transient Heat Conduction Problems," Metallurgical Transactions Bs, 15B:2, 307-318, 1984.

Patents

  • Thomas, B. G., J. Bentsman, and K. Zheng, ￿Spray Cooling Control System for Continuous Casting of Metal,￿ U.S. Provisional Patent Application No. US60/928,043, June 13, 2007; U.S. Non-provisional patent application No. 12/151/582, filed May 7, 2008; US Patent 8,651,168 B2, awarded, Feb. 18, 2014.
  • Peter, J., K. Peaslee, B. G. Thomas, and L. Zhang, ￿Process to Continuously Refine High-quality Steel,￿ US Patent Number US2006/017424; International Publication Number WO 2007/032785 A2, March 22, 2007.

Conferences Organized or Chaired

  • Co-organizer, TMS Annual Meeting Symposium "Defects and Properties of Cast Metals," and co-chairman of "Solidification Structure and Segregation" Session, Orlando, FL, Mar. 11-15, 2012.

Presentations

  • This section contains invited, unpublished presentations See Section B1-g for Invited published presentations (* = with honorarium and/or expenses)

Professional Societies

  • J.K. Brimacombe Society, Vice President and member, 2008-date
  • -- Paper Reviewer, MCWASP, 2006, 2008-09, 2011-2012
  • -- International Scientific Committee, MCWASP, 2006, 2008-09, 2011-2012, 2014-2015
  • Modeling of Casting, Welding, and Advanced Solidification Processes (MCWASP)
  • Society of Manufacturing Engineers, Member, 1990-1995
  • J.K. Brimacombe Prize Selection Committee, Member, 2000-2013
  • -Solidification Committee, Chairman, TMS 2012-2014
  • -MPMD Committee, Awards Committee Member, TMS, 2008-09
  • -Process Technology and Modeling Committee (PTMC) Member, TMS, 2006 ￿ 2013
  • -JOM Advisor, The Minerals, Metals, and Materials Society (TMS), 2000-01; 2006
  • -SCAMP Strategic Planning Subcommittee, TMS, 1999-01
  • -Process Modeling, Analysis, and Control Committee (PMAC) Member, TMS, 1988-2006.
  • -Solidification Committee, Vice Chairman, TMS, 2010 -￿2012
  • -Solidification Committee, TMS, Member, 1986-2013
  • The Minerals, Metals and Materials Society (TMS) of AIME, Member, 1986-date
  • -Metallurgy ￿ Processing, Products and Applications Technology Committee, Association for Iron and Steel Technology, Member, 2009-2013
  • -Conference Planning Committee, Association for Iron and Steel Technology, 2004-2005
  • -Continuous Casting Technology Committee, Association for Iron and Steel Technology, Member, 2004-2013
  • -University Advisory Committee, Association for Iron and Steel Technology, Member, 2004-2006
  • Association for Iron and Steel Technology, Member, 2003-date
  • -Conference Planning Subcommittee, ISS, 2001-2004
  • -University Relations Committee, ISS, 1999-2004
  • -Key Reader for Iron and Steel Society Transactions, AIME, 1996-2004
  • -Education Committee, ISS, Member, 1987-99
  • -University of Illinois faculty student liaison to ISS, AIME, 1990-2004
  • Iron and Steel Society of AIME (American Institute of Mining, Metallurgical and Petroleum Engineers), Member, 1983-2004
  • Fellow, ASM International, 2009
  • ASM International, Member, 1998-date
  • American Society for Metals, Member, 1978-1998

Teaching Honors

  • Included in "List of Teachers Ranked as Excellent by Their Students," University of Illinois, Spring 2014
  • Included in "List of Teachers Ranked as Excellent by Their Students," University of Illinois, Fall 2009
  • Included in "List of Teachers Ranked as Excellent by Their Students," University of Illinois, Fall 2007
  • Included in Marquis "Who's Who in American Education,"￿ 7th Edition, 2005-2006; and 8th Ed., 2007-8
  • Included in Marquis ￿Who￿s Who Among America￿s Teachers￿, 9th Edition, 2004-2005
  • Engineering Council Award for Excellence in Advising, College of Engineering, UIUC, 1998

Research Honors

  • Distinguished Member and Fellow, Assoc. for Iron and Steel Technology, 2017
  • Baosteel Honorary Professor, 2014-2016, Baosteel, Shanghai, PRC.
  • HPC (High-Performance Computing) Innovation Excellence Award, with Seid Koric, (for applying HPC to improve business, scientific advancement, and/or engineering successes), International Data Corporation, December, 2011
  • Jerry Silver Award, Association for Iron and Steel Technology, with M. Dyer et al., (Best process metallurgy or product application paper presented at an AIST conference in 2010, where one author is a student), 2011.
  • Application to Practice Award, (for demonstrating outstanding achievement in transferring research results or findings into commercial production and practical use), The Minerals, Metals, and Materials Society, 2011.
  • Baosteel Honorary Professor, 2010-2014, Baosteel, Shanghai, PRC.
  • Fellow, ASM International, conferred Oct. 27, 2009.
  • Plenary Lecturer, 6th International Conference on Electromagnetic Processing of Materials EPM2009, Dresden, Germany, Oct. 19-23, 2009.
  • Howe Memorial Lecturer, Association for Iron and Steel Technology, (invited lecture to lead off AISTech2009 Conference, St. Louis, MO, May), 2009.
  • Jerry Silver Award, Association for Iron and Steel Technology, (Best process metallurgy or product application paper presented at an AIST conference in 2008, where one author is a student), 2008.
  • C. J. Gauthier Professor, Department of Mechanical Science and Engineering, UIUC, 2008-2013
  • MPMD Distinguished Scientist / Engineer, The Minerals, Metals, and Materials Society, 2008
  • Baosteel Honorary Professor, 2006-2010, conferred May 25, 2006, Shanghai, PRC.
  • Included in Marquis, ￿Who￿s Who in Finance and Business￿, 35th Edition, 2006-2007
  • Included in Marquis ￿Who￿s Who in Science and Engineering,￿ 8th Ed., 2005-06; 9th Ed., 2006-2007; 10th Ed., 2008-2009
  • Adjunct Professor, Graduate Institute of Ferrous Technology, Pohang University of Science and Technology, Pohang, S. Korea, Sept. 2005-date
  • Robert W. Hunt Silver Medal, Association for Iron and Steel Technology (Best paper on iron and steel published by AIST between July 2002 and June 2003), 2004
  • W. Grafton and Lillian B. Wilkins Professor, Mechanical and Industrial Engineering, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, 2003-2008
  • Dr. J. Keith Brimacombe Lecturer, Electric Furnace Conference, Iron and Steel Society (invited lecture honoring the accomplishments of Dr. J. Keith Brimacombe in process metallurgy), 2001
  • Best Paper Award, Metallurgical Society of the CIM (Canadian Institute of Mining and Metallurgy), 2000
  • Robert W. Hunt Silver Medal, Iron and Steel Society (Best paper on iron and steel published between July 1997 and June 1998), 1999
  • Charles H. Herty, Jr. Award (Best Paper presented at the 1997 Steelmaking Conference), Iron and Steel Society, 1998
  • Best Experimental Paper Award, MCWASP VIII Conference, 1998
  • Extraction and Processing Technology Award, (Best series of papers on extractive metallurgy and related sciences), The Minerals, Metals, and Materials Society, 1998
  • Robert W. Hunt Silver Medal, Iron and Steel Society (Best paper on iron and steel published between July 1996 and June 1997), 1998
  • Marcus A. Grossmann Young Author Award, ASM International (best paper in Metallurgical Transactions in 1996 by authors under 40), 1997
  • Frank B. McKune Award, Iron and Steel Society, (Best paper presented at 1997 Steelmaking Conference by authors under 40), 1997
  • Steelmaking Conference Award, Iron and Steel Society (Second best paper presented at 1997 Steelmaking Conference by authors under 40), 1997
  • John Chipman Award (Best paper ￿ two-year period), Iron and Steel Society, 1996
  • Rossiter W. Raymond Memorial Award (Best Paper), American Institute of Mining, Metallurgical, and Petroleum Engineers, 1991
  • Xerox Award for Faculty Research, College of Engineering, UIUC, 1991
  • Best Investment Casting Paper, American Foundry Society, AFS Transactions, 1990
  • Outstanding Young Manufacturing Engineer Award, Society of Manufacturing Engineers, 1990
  • Included in Marquis Who's Who in America, 1990
  • NSF Presidential Young Investigator Award, 1989
  • Engineering Foundation Award, AIME, 1986