Faculty Profile

M Quinn Brewster

Mechanical Science and Engineering
M Quinn Brewster
M Quinn Brewster
Hermia G. Soo Professor
1101C Mechanical Engineering Lab
105 S. Mathews
Urbana Illinois 61801
(217) 244-1628

Primary Research Area

  • Fluid Mechanics

Education

  • Ph.D. ME University of California, Berkeley 1981
  • M.E. ME University of Utah 1979
  • B.S. ME University of Utah 1978

Academic Positions

  • Associate Head for Graduate Programs, Department of Mechanical Science and Engineering, 2005-2008
  • Hermia G. Soo Professor, Department of Mechanical Science and Engineering, UIUC, 2000-date
  • Professor, Department of Mechanical Science and Engineering, UIUC, Aug. 1994-date
  • Associate Professor, Department of Mechanical and Industrial Engineering, UIUC, Aug. 1988-Aug. 1994
  • Assistant Professor, Department of Mechanical and Industrial Engineering, UIUC, 1986-Aug. 1988
  • Assistant Professor, University of Utah, 1982-86
  • Research Student, (Japanese Ministry of Education Scholarship), Thermophysical Properties of Materials Laboratory, Department of Engineering Science, Kyoto University, Kyoto, Japan, 1981-82

For more information

Other Professional Activities

  • Research Physical Scientist, Combustion Research Laboratory Air Force Rocket Propulsion Laboratory, Summer 1984
  • Research Fellow, Summer Faculty Research Program, Air Force Rocket Propulsion Laboratory, Edwards AFB, CA. Effects of Thermal Radiation on Solid Propellant Combustion, Summer 1983

Research Statement

Professor Brewster conducts fundamental scientific and engineering research in radiation heat transfer, combustion, thermophysical properties of materials, and energetic materials. His laboratory developed the laser-recoil technique for examining dynamic combustion response behavior of solid energetic materials. He and his students developed the theory (sometimes called WSB) of low gas-phase activation energy combustion of energetic solids that resolved and unified steady and unsteady combustion response data of most homogeneous energetic solids. They have also clarified aspects of the more complicated problem of non-premixed combustion of energetic solids. Lately he has worked with students to understand radiative and phase-change heat transfer involving water, including radiation-augmented evaporation and condensation of water and so-called phase-change radiation. Their findings have application to understanding changes associated with global warming and increasing water in Earth's atmosphere. They also address long-standing puzzles in atmospheric science, such as how water droplets can grow in less than an hour from cloud size to sizes where growth by turbulent coalescence can take over (the condensation-coalescence "bottleneck"), the water-vapor radiation continuum problem, and "anomalous" measurements of radiant flux in both cloudy and clear atmospheres.

Research Interests

  • Combustion (solid propellants)
  • Heat transfer (radiation and evaporation/condensation)

Research Areas

  • Energy
  • Environment
  • Fluid Mechanics
  • Security and Defense
  • Thermo Heat and Transfer

Selected Articles in Journals

  • Wang, K-T. and M. Q. Brewster, "Thermodynamic Behavior of Water from Soft-Cell Theory," Int. J. Thermodynamics, 14:1, 1-9, 2011.
  • Mullen, J. and M. Q. Brewster, ￿Reduced Agglomeration of Aluminum in Wide-Distribution Composite Propellants,￿ AIAA J. Prop. Power, 27:3, 650-661, 2011.
  • Brewster, M. Q. and J. C. Mullen, "Burning Rate Behavior in Aluminized Wide-Distribution AP Composite Propellants," Combust. Expl. Shock Waves, 47:2, 200-208, 2011 DOI: 10.1134/S00105082110200922011; in Russian: Fizika Goreniya i Vzryva, 47:2, 81-92, 2011.
  • Brewster, M. Q. and J. C. Mullen, "Flame Structure in Aluminized Wide-Distribution AP Composite Propellants," Combustion and Flame, 157, 2340-2347, 2010.
  • Wang, K. T. and M. Q. Brewster, "Phase-Transition Radiation in Vapor Condensation Process," Int. Comm. Heat Mass Trans., 37:8, 945-949, 2010.
  • Wang, K-T. and M. Q. Brewster, ￿An Intermolecular Vibration Model for Lattice Ice,￿ Int. J. Thermodynamics, 13:2, 51-57, 2010.
  • Harrison, J. and M. Q. Brewster, ￿Simple Model of Thermal Emission from Burning Aluminum in Solid Propellants,￿ J. Thermophysics and Heat Transfer, 23:3, 630-634, 2009.
  • Harrison, J. and M. Q. Brewster, ￿Analysis of Thermal Radiation from Burning Aluminum in Solid Propellants,￿ Combustion Theory and Modeling, 13:3, 389-411, 2009.
  • Harrison, J. and M. Q. Brewster, ￿Infrared Emitted Intensity Measurements from Burning Aluminum Droplets in Solid Propellants,￿ Combustion Science and Technology, 181:1, 18-35, 2009.
  • Fitzgerald, R. P. and Q. Brewster, ￿Infrared Imaging of AP/HTPB Laminate Propellant Flames,￿ Combustion and Flame, 154:4, 660-667, 2008.
  • Brewster, W. and J. Harrison, ￿Thermal Radiation from Burning Aluminum and Oxide Particles in Solid Propellants,￿ Advancements in Energetic Materials and Chemical Propulsion, K. K. Kuo and K. Hori, eds., Begell House, Inc., New York, 646-659, 2008.
  • Jung, J. Y. and M. Q. Brewster, ￿Radiative Heat Transfer Analysis with Molten Al2O3 Dispersion in Solid Rocket Motors,￿ AIAA J. Spacecraft and Rockets, 45:5, 1021-1030, 2008.
  • Willcox, M. A., M. Q. Brewster, K. C. Tang, D. S. Stewart, and I. Kuznetzov ￿Solid Rocket Motor Internal Ballistics Simulation Using Three-Dimensional Grain Burnback,￿ AIAA J. Prop. Power, 23:3, 575-584, 2007.
  • Willcox, M. A., M. Q. Brewster, K. C. Tang, and D. S. Stewart, ￿Solid Propellant Grain Design and Burnback Simulation Using a Minimum Distance Function,￿ AIAA J. Prop. Power, 23:2, 465-475, 2007.
  • Brewster, M. Q. and S. Begley, ￿Radiative Properties of Nano-energetic Materials,￿ Advancements in Energetic Materials and Chemical Propulsion, K. Kuo and J. D. Rivera, eds., Begell House, Inc., New York, 103-116, 2007.
  • Fitzgerald, R. P. and M. Q. Brewster, "AP/HTPB Laminate Propellant Flame Structure: Fuel-Lean Intrinsic Instability" Proceedings of the Combustion Institute, 31:1, 2006.
  • Stewart, D. S., K. C. Tang, S. Yoo, M. Q. Brewster, and I. R. Kuznetzov, ￿Multi-Scale Modeling of Solid Rocket Motors: Time Integration Methods from Computational Aerodynamics Applied to Stable Quasi-Steady Motor Burning,￿ Journal of Propulsion and Power, 22:6, 1382-1388, 2006.
  • Cain, J. and M. Q. Brewster, ￿Radiative Ignition of Fine-Ammonium Perchlorate Composite Propellants,￿ Propellants, Explosives, and Pyrotechnics, 31:4, 278-284, 2006.
  • Begley, S. M. and M. Q. Brewster, ￿Radiative Properties of MoO3 and A1 Nanopowders from Light Scattering Measurements,￿ J. Heat Transfer, 129:5, 624-633, May 2006.
  • Fitzgerald, R. P. and M. Q. Brewster, ￿Laminate Propellant Combustion (Review) 2. Theoretical Investigations,￿ Combustion, Explosions, and Shock Waves, 42:1, 1-18, Jan. 2006.
  • Brewster, M. Q., ￿Surface Absorption Assumption for Radiant Heating and Ignition of Energetic Solids," Journal Thermophysics Heat Transfer, 20:2, 348-350, 2006.
  • Fitzgerald, R. P. and M. Q. Brewster, ￿Laminate Propellant Combustion (Review) 1. Experimental Investigations,￿ Combustion, Explosions, and Shock Waves, 41:6, 693-708, 2005.
  • Weber, J. W., M. Q. Brewster, and K. C. Tang, ￿Radiative Ignition and Extinction Dynamics of Energetic Solids,￿ AIAA Journal Thermophysics and Heat Transfer, 19:3, 257-265, 2005.
  • Jackson, T. L., L. Massa, and M. Q. Brewster, ￿Unsteady Combustion Modeling of Energetic Solids, Revisited,￿ Combustion Theory and Modeling, Vol. 8, 513-532, 2004.
  • Brewster, M. Q., ￿Volume Scattering of Radiation in Packed Beds of Large, Opaque Spheres,￿ Journal of Heat Transfer, 126, 1048-1050, 2004.
  • Fitzgerald, R. P. and M. Q. Brewster, ￿Flame and Surface Structure of Laminate Propellants with Coarse and Fine Ammonium Perchlorate,￿ Combustion and Flame, 136:3, 313-326, 2004.
  • Saarloos, B. and M. Q. Brewster, ￿Unsteady Solid Propellant Pressure Combustion Response Using a Piston Burner,￿ Journal of Propulsion and Power, 20:1, 127-134, 2004.
  • Ali, A. N., S. F. Son, B. W. Asay, M. E. Decroix, and M. Q. Brewster, ￿High-Irradiance Laser Ignition of Explosives,￿ Combustion Science and Technology, 175, 1551-1571, 2003.
  • Tang, K. C. and M. Q. Brewster, "Modeling Combustion of Hydrazinium Nitroformate,￿ Proceedings of the Combustion Institute, 29:1, 2897-2904, 2002.
  • Knott, G. M. and M. Q. Brewster, ￿Modeling the Combustion of Propellant Sandwiches,￿ Combustion Science and Technology, 174, 61-90, 2002.
  • Chorpening, B. T. and M. Q. Brewster, ￿Emission Imaging of AP/HTPB Propellant Sandwich Combustion,￿ Combustion Science and Technology, 174, 39-60, 2002.
  • Tang, K. C. and M. Q. Brewster, ￿Nonlinear Dynamic Combustion in Solid Rockets: L*-Effects," Journal of Propulsion and Power, 17:4, 909-918, 2001.
  • Chorpening, B. T., G. M. Knott, and M. Q. Brewster, ￿Flame Structure and Burning Rate of Ammonium Perchlorate/Hydroxyl-Terminated Polybutadiene Propellant Sandwiches,￿ Proceedings of The Combustion Institute, 28:1, 847-853, 2000.
  • Hickman, S. R. and M. Q. Brewster, ￿Oscillatory Combustion of Fine-AP/HTPB Propellants: Selective Pyrolysis Response,￿ Journal of Propulsion and Power, 16:5, 867-873, 2000.
  • Knott, G. M. and M. Q. Brewster, ￿Two-Dimensional Combustion Modeling of Heterogeneous Solid Propellants with Finite Peclet Number,￿ Combustion and Flame, 121, 91-106, 2000.
  • Brewster, M. Q., ￿Solid Propellant Combustion Response: Quasi-Steady (QSHOD) Theory Development and Validation,￿ Chapter 2.16 in Solid Propellant Chemistry, Combustion, and Motor Interior Ballistics, Progress in Aeronautics and Astronautics, V. Yang, T. B. Brill, and W. Z. Ren, eds., AIAA, Reston, VA, Vol. 185, 607-638, 2000.
  • Brewster, M. Q., M. J. Ward, and S. F. Son, ￿Simplified Combustion Modeling of Double Base Propellant: Gas Phase Chain Reaction Vs. Thermal Decomposition,￿ Combustion Science and Technology, 154, 1-30, 2000.
  • Tang, K. C. and M. Q. Brewster, ￿Analysis of Molecular Gas Radiation: Real Gas Property Effects,￿ Journal of Thermophysics and Heat Transfer, 13:4, 460-466, Oct.-Dec. 1999.
  • Louwers, J., G. M. H. J. L. Gadiot, M. Q. Brewster, S. F. Son, T. Parr, and D. Hanson-Parr, ￿Steady-State Hydrazinium Nitroformate (HNF) Combustion Modeling,￿ Journal of Propulsion and Power, 15:6, 772-777, 1999.
  • Loner, P. S. and M. Q. Brewster, ￿On the Oscillatory Laser-Augmented Combustion of HMX,￿ 27th International Symposium on Combustion, The Combustion Institute, Pittsburgh, PA, 2309-2318, 1998.
  • Jojic, I. and M. Q. Brewster, ￿Condensed-Phase Chemical Interaction Between Ammonium Perchlorate and Hydroxy-Terminated Polybutaiene,￿ Journal of Propulsion and Power, 14:4, 575-576, 1998.
  • Ward, M. J., S. F. Son, and M. Q. Brewster, "Steady Deflagration of HMX with Simple Kinetics: A Gas Phase Chain Reaction Model," Combustion and Flame, 114, 556-568, 1998.
  • Ward, M. J., S. F. Son, and M. Q. Brewster, ￿Role of Gas- and Condensed-Phase Kinetics in Burning Rate Control of Energetic Solids," Combustion Theory and Modelling, 2:3, 293-312, Sept. 1998.
  • Isbell, R. A. and M. Q. Brewster, "Optical Properties of Energetic Materials: RDX, HMX, AP, NC/NG, and HTPB," Propellants, Explosives, and Pyrotechnics, 23, 218-224, 1998.
  • Brewster, M. Q. and S. F. Son, "Comment on 'Intrinsic Combustion Instability of Solid Energetic Materials,'" Journal of Propulsion and Power, 13:3, 454-456, May/Jun. 1997.
  • Isbell, R. A. and M. Q. Brewster, "Optical Properties of Energetic Materials From Infrared Spectroscopy," Journal Thermophysics and Heat Transfer, 11:1, 65-71, 1997.
  • Brewster, M. Q. and T. B. Schroeder, "Laser-Recoil Combustion Response of RDX," Combustion Science and Technology, 122:1-6, 363-381, 1997.
  • Hickman, S. R. and M. Q. Brewster, "Oscillatory Combustion of Aluminized Composite Propellants," Proceedings of the 26th International Symposium on Combustion, The Combustion Institute, Pittsburgh, PA, 2, 2007-2016, 1996.
  • Esker, D. R. and M. Q. Brewster, "Laser Pyrolysis of Hydroxyl-Terminated Polybutadiene," Journal of Propulsion and Power, 12:2, 296-301, 1996.
  • Zebrowski, M. A. and M. Q. Brewster, "Theory of Unsteady Combustion of Solids: Investigation of Quasisteady Assumption," Journal of Propulsion and Power, 12:3, 564-573, 1996.
  • Hites, M. H. and M. Q. Brewster, "Effects of Kevlar Fibers on Combustion of AP Propellant Combustion," Journal of Propulsion and Power, 12:3, 616-618, 1996.
  • Jones, M. R., M. Q. Brewster, and Y. Yamada, "Application of a Genetic Algorithm to the Optical Characterization of Propellant Smoke," Journal of Thermophysics and Heat Transfer, 10:2, 372-377, 1996.
  • Brewster, M. Q. and S. F. Son, "Quasi-Steady Combustion Modeling of Homogeneous Solid Propellants," Combustion and Flame, 103:1/2, 11-26, 1995.
  • Son, S. F. and M. Q. Brewster, "Radiation-Augmented Combustion of Homogeneous Solids," Combustion Science and Technology, 107, 127-154, 1995.
  • Brewster, M. Q. and Y. Yamada, "Optical Properties of Thick, Turbid Media from Pico-Second Time-Resolved Light Scattering Measurements," International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer, 38, 2569-2581, 1995.
  • Son, S. F. and M. Q. Brewster, "Unsteady Combustion of Homogeneous Energetic Solids Using the Laser-Recoil Method," Combustion and Flame, 100, 283-291, 1995.
  • Tang, K. C. and M. Q. Brewster, "K-Distribution Analysis of Gas Radiation with Nongray, Emitting, Absorbing, and Anisotropic Scattering Particles," Journal of Heat Transfer, 116:4, 980-985, 1994.
  • Jones, M. R., K. H. Leong, M. Q. Brewster, and B. P. Curry, "Inversion of Light Scattering Measurements for Particle Size and Optical Constants: Experimental Study," Applied Optics, 33:18, 4035-4041, 1994.
  • Jones, M. R., B. P. Curry, M. Q. Brewster, and K. H. Leong, "Inversion of Light Scattering Measurements for Particle Size and Optical Constants: Theoretical Study," Applied Optics, 33:18, 4025-4034, 1994.
  • Peard, T. E., J. E. Peters, M. Q. Brewster, and R. O. Buckius, "Radiative Heat Transfer Augmentation in Gas-Fired Radiant Tube Burners by Porous Inserts: Effect of Insert Geometry," Experimental Heat Transfer, 6:3, 273-286, 1993.
  • Son, S. F. and M. Q. Brewster, "Unsteady Combustion of Solid Propellants Subject to Dynamic External Radiant Heating," Fizika Goreniya i Vzryva, 29:3, 31-36, 1993.
  • Brewster, M. Q., M. H. Hites, and S. F. Son, "Dynamic Burning Rate Measurements of Metalized Composite Propellants Using the Laser-Recoil Technique," Combustion and Flame, 94:1/2, 178-190, 1993.
  • Son, S. F. and M. Q. Brewster, "Linear Burning Rate Dynamics of Solids Subjected to Pressure or External Radiant Flux Oscillations," Journal of Propulsion and Power, 9:2, 222-232, 1993.
  • Ishihara, A. and M. Q. Brewster, "Combustion Studies of Boron, Magnesium, and Aluminum Composite Propellants," Combustion Science and Technology, 87:1-6, 275-290, 1993.
  • Tang, K. C. and M. Q. Brewster, "Numerical Analysis of Radiative Heat Transfer in an Aluminum Distributed Combustion Region," Numerical Heat Transfer, Part A - Applications, 22:3, 323-342, 1992.
  • Goeckner, B. A., D. R. Helmich, T. A. McCarthy, J. M. Arinez, T. E. Peard, J. E. Peters, M. Q. Brewster, and R. O. Buckius, "Radiation Heat Transfer Augmentation of Natural Gas Flames in Radiant Tube Burners with Porous Ceramic Inserts," Experimental Thermal and Fluid Science, 5:6, 848-860, 1992.
  • Brewster, M. Q., T. A. Sheridan, and A. Ishihara, "Ammonium Nitrate-Magnesium Propellant Combustion and Heat Transfer Mechanisms," Journal of Propulsion and Power, 8:4, 760-769, 1992.
  • Jones, M. R. and M. Q. Brewster, "Radiant Emission from the Aluminum-Water Reaction," Journal of Quantitative Spectroscopy and Radiative Transfer, 46:2, 109-118, 1991.
  • Ishihara, A., M. Q. Brewster, T. A. Sheridan, and H. Krier, "The Influence of Radiative Heat Feedback on Burning Rate of Aluminized Propellants," Combustion and Flame, 84:1&2, 141-153, 1991.
  • Brewster, M. Q. and B. E. Hardt, "Influence of Metal Agglomeration and Heat Feedback on Composite Propellant Burning Rate," AIAA Journal of Propulsion and Power, 7:6, 1076-1078, 1991.
  • Bradley, E. G. and M. Q. Brewster, "Effect of Gas/Particle Coupling on Combustion Efficiency in Aluminized Solid Rockets," AIAA Journal of Propulsion and Power, 7:6, 1078-1080, 1991.
  • Patel, R. S. and M. Q. Brewster, "Gas-Assisted Laser-Metal Drilling: Theoretical Results," AIAA Journal of Thermophysics and Heat Transfer, 5:1, 32-39, 1991.
  • Patel, R. S. and M. Q. Brewster, "Gas-Assisted Laser-Metal Drilling: Experimental Results," AIAA Journal of Thermophysics and Heat Transfer, 5:1, 26-31, 1991.
  • Parry, D. L. and M. Q. Brewster, "Optical Constants of Al2O3 Smoke in Propellant Flames," AIAA Journal of Thermophysics and Heat Transfer, 5:2, 142-149, 1991.
  • Patel, R. S. and M. Q. Brewster, "Effect of Oxidation and Plume Formation on Low Power Nd-Yag Laser Metal Interaction," ASME Journal of Heat Transfer, 112:1, 170-177, Feb. 1990.
  • Brewster, M. Q., "Radiation-Stagnation Flow Model of Aluminized Solid Rocket Motor Insulator Heat Transfer," AIAA Journal of Thermophysics and Heat Transfer, 3:2, 132-139, 1989.
  • Brewster, M. Q. and D. L. Parry, "Radiative Heat Feedback in Aluminized Solid Propellant Combustion," AIAA Journal of Thermophysics and Heat Transfer, 2:2, 123-130, 1988.
  • Brewster, M. Q. and D. M. Taylor, "Radiative Properties of Burning Aluminum Droplets," Combustion and Flame, 72, 287-299, 1988.
  • Patel, R. and M. Q. Brewster, "Optical Constants of Propellant-Grade Ammonium Perchlorate," Journal of American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics, 24:11, 1878-1880, Nov. 1986.
  • Brewster, M. Q. and R. Patel, "Selective Radiative Preheating of Aluminum in Composite Solid Propellant Combustion," Journal of Heat Transfer, 109:1, 179-184, Feb. 1987.
  • Brewster, M. Q., "Particle Radiative Feedback in Ammonium Perchlorate Deflagration," Journal of American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics, 24:7, 1141-1147, Jul. 1986.
  • Brewster, M. Q., "Effective Absorptivity and Emissivity of Particulate Media with Application to a Fluidized-Bed," Journal of Heat Transfer, 108:3, 710-713, Aug. 1986.
  • Brewster, M. Q. and T. Kunitomo, "The Optical Constants of Coal, Char and Limestone," Journal of Heat Transfer, 106:4, 678-683, 1984.
  • Brewster, M. Q. and C. L. Tien, "Examination of the Two-Flux Model for Radiative Transfer in Particulate Systems," International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer, 25:12, 1905-1906, 1982.
  • Brewster, M. Q. and C. L. Tien, "Radiative Transfer in Packed/Fluidized Beds: Dependent Versus Independent Scattering," Journal of Heat Transfer, 104:4, 573-579, Nov. 1982.

Professional Societies

  • Co-chair, Colloquium on Heterogeneous Combustion, 31st International Symposium on Combustion, Heidelberg, Germany, Aug. 2006
  • 32nd International Symposium on Combustion, Montreal, Canada, Aug. 2008
  • 30th International Symposium on Combustion, Chicago, IL, Aug. 2004
  • 29th International Symposium on Combustion, Sapporo, Japan, Aug. 2002
  • 28th International Symposium on Combustion, Edinburgh, Scotland, Aug. 2000
  • 27th International Symposium on Combustion, Boulder, CO, Aug. 1998
  • 26th International Symposium on Combustion, Naples, Italy, Aug. 1996
  • Program Review Subcommittee:
  • Propellants and Combustion Technical Committee
  • Associate Fellow, American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics,
  • K-11 Committee on Heat Transfer in Fire and Combustion Systems, The Heat Transfer Division
  • Member, American Society of Mechanical Engineers,

Teaching Honors

  • College of Engineering Outstanding Advisor Award, 2008
  • Listed in the Daily Illini ￿Incomplete List of Teachers Ranked as Excellent by Their Students￿ for Fall 1986

Research Honors

  • Best Paper/Oral Presentation Award, 7th International Symposium on Special Topics in Chemical Propulsion, Kyoto, Japan, 2007
  • Hermia G. Soo Professor, Department of Mechanical Science and Engineering, UIUC, 2000-2010
  • Fellow, American Society of Mechanical Engineers, 1996
  • Associate Fellow, American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics, 1996
  • University Scholar, UIUC, 1993
  • Office of Naval Research Young Investigator Award, 1987
  • Outstanding Poster Presentation Award, Eighth International Heat Transfer Conference, 1986
  • NSF Presidential Young Investigator Award, 1984
  • Received National Science Foundation Japan Long Term Visit grant to do research on Pico-Second Time-Resolved Spectroscopy of Laser Plumes at Mechanical Engineering Laboratory AIST-MITI, Tsukuba, Japan, 1992-93
  • Listed in 18th Edition of American Men and Women in Science, Jan. 1992
  • IBM Research Award, University Research Board, 1986

Public Service Honors

  • National Academies Committee on Safety and Security of Commercial Spent Nuclear Fuel Storage, 2004-05 (Storage, 2004-05)
  • Associate Editor, AIAA Journal of Propulsion and Power, 2001-05

Other Honors

  • Japanese Ministry of Education Scholarship, Kyoto University, Kyoto, Japan, 1981-82