Faculty Profile

Ki D Lee

Ki D Lee
Ki D Lee

Primary Research Area

  • Applied Aerodynamics

Education

  • Ph.D., Aeronautical and Astronautical Engineering, University of Illinois at U-C, 1976
  • M.S., Aeronautical and Astronautical Engineering, University of Illinois at U-C, 1973
  • B.S., Aeronautical Engineering, Seoul National University, Korea, 1967

Academic Positions

  • Invited Professor, Seoul National University, Seoul, Korea, 2001
  • Professor, University of Illinois, AE (100%), 1995-present
  • Professor, University of Illinois, MIE (0%), 1995-1999
  • Visiting Professor, Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Brussels, Belgium, 1994
  • Associate Professor, University of Illinois, MIE (0%), 1989-1995
  • Senior Computer Scientist, University of Illinois, CSRD (0%), 1985-1987
  • Associate Professor, University of Illinois, AAE (100%), 1985-1995
  • Research Associate, University of Illinois, CSL, 1976-1977
  • Research Assistant, University of Illinois, Urbana, IL, 1973-1976
  • University Fellow, University of Illinois, Urbana, IL, 1971-1973
  • Instructor, Korean Air Force Academy, Seoul, Korea, 1967-1971

Other Professional Employment

  • Principal Engineer, Boeing Commercial Airplane Co., Seattle, WA, 1984-1985
  • Sr. Specialist Engineer, Boeing Commercial Airplane Co., Seattle, WA, 1983-1984
  • Specialist Engineer, Boeing Commercial Airplane Co., Seattle, WA, 1980-1983
  • Senior Engineer, Boeing Commercial Airplane Co., Seattle, WA, 1977-1980
  • Research Engineer, Korean Institute of Science & Technology, Seoul, Korea, 1971

Research Interests

  • Grid-forgiving Navier-Stokes algorithm, parallel algorithm in computational fluid dynamics, improvement of convection accuracy, grid generation for complex configurations, surface grid generation, hypersonic near-wake flow field, solution-adaptive grid generation, GMRES-MG convergence acceleration, aerodynamic design via optimization, vortex dominated flow field, elliptic-hyperbolic hybrid grid generation, direct inviscid/viscous coupling, unsteady aerodynamics on moving grid, compressor design, analytical-computational hybrid solution technique for fluid dynamic equations.

Books Edited or Co-Edited (Original Editions)

  • Study on Interdisciplinary Research Trends in the United States, 4 volumes, Korea Science and Engineering Foundation, Daejon, Korea, Nov. 1998.
  • Proceedings, 1998 Korea-U.S. Technical Conference on Strategic Technologies, Vienna, VA, Oct. 1998.
  • Proceedings, Korea-U.S. Workshop in Aerospace Sciences, 445 pages, Vienna, VA, May 15-17, 1997.
  • Proceedings, Second Midwest Regional Conference, Korean Scientists and Engineers Association, Champaign, IL, November 1989.

Selected Articles in Journals

  • Chung, J. and Lee, K. D., ￿Shape Optimization of Transonic Compressor Blade Using Quasi-Three-Dimensional Flow Physics,￿ AIAA Journal, Vol. 40, No. 2, pp 389-391, Feb. 2002.
  • Eyi, S. and Lee, K. D., "Inverse Design of Transonic Airfoils Using the Navier-Stokes Equations," Journal of Engineering Optimization, Vol. 28, No. 4, pp. 245-262, 1997.
  • Lee, K. D., "Changing Trends in Aircraft Design," KSEA Letters, Vol. 25, No. 3, pp. 35-41, February 1997.
  • Chu, S. S. and Lee, K. D., "Euler Transonic Solutions over Finite Wings Using the Clebsch Decomposition Method," International Journal of Computational Fluid Dynamics, Vol. 8, pp. 209-309, 1997.
  • Eyi, S. and Lee, K. D., "Effects of Sensitivity Derivatives on Aerodynamic Design Optimization," Inverse Problems in Engineering Journal, Vol. 3, No. 2, pp. 213-225, 1996.
  • Eyi, S., Lee, K. D., Rogers, S. E., and Kwak, D., "High-Lift Design Optimization Using the Navier-Stokes Equations," Journal of Aircraft, Vol. 33, No. 3, pp. 499-504, May-June 1996.
  • Hager, J. O. and Lee, K. D., "Effect of Implicit Preconditioners on Solution Acceleration Schemes in CFD," Internatioal Journal for Numerical Methods in Fluids, Vol. 22, No. 10, pp. 1023-1035, May 1996.
  • Hager, J. O. and Lee, K. D., "The Behavior of Some Solution Acceleration Techniques in CFD," International Journal of Computational Fluid Dynamics, Vol. 4, pp. 137-151, 1995.
  • Eyi, S., Hager, J. O., and Lee, K. D., "Airfoil Design Optimization Using the Navier-Stokes Equations," Journal of Optimization Theory and Applications, Vol. 83, No. 3, pp. 447-461, Dec. 1994.
  • Hager, J. O., Eyi, S., and Lee, K. D., "Two-Point Transonic Airfoil Design Using Optimization for Improved Off-Design Performance," Journal of Aircraft, Vol. 31, No. 6, pp. 1143-1147, Nov.-Dec. 1994.
  • Kim, M. S., Loellbach, J. M., and Lee, K. D., "Effects of Gas Models on Hypersonic Base Flow Calculations," Journal of Spacecraft and Rockets, Vol. 31, No. 2, pp. 223-230, Feb. 1994.
  • Lee, K. D., "Grid Quality Control in Computational Fluid Dynamics," Advances in Control and Dynamics Systems, Vol. 59, pp. 265-290, 1993.
  • Lee, K. D. and Eyi, S., "Transonic Airfoil Design by Constrained Optimization," Journal of Aircraft, Vol. 30, No. 6, pp. 805-806, Nov.-Dec. 1993.
  • Lee, K. D. and Brandt, S. A., "An Inviscid/Viscous Coupling Approach for Vortex Flowfield Calculations," International Journal for Numerical Methods in Fluids, Vol. 14, pp. 1437-1452, 1992.
  • Lee, K. D. and Eyi, S., "Aerodynamic Design via Optimization," Journal of Aircraft, Vol. 29, No. 6, pp. 1012-1019, November-December 1992.
  • Lee, K. D., Loellbach, J. M., and Kim, M. S., "Adaptive Control of Grid Quality for Computational Fluid Dynamics," Journal of Aircraft, Vol. 28, No. 10, pp. 664-669, October 1991.
  • Lee, K. D. and Liu, P. H., "A Design Optimization Method Using the Euler Equations," Numerical Methods in Laminar and Turbulent Flow, Vol. 6, Part 1, pp. 773-782, July 1989.
  • Lee, K. D. and Loellbach, J. M., "Geometry-Adaptive Surface Grid Generation Using Parametric Projection," Journal of Aircraft, Vol. 26, No. 2, pp. 162-167, February 1989.
  • Yen, S. M. and Lee, K. D., "Direct Numerical Solution of the Boltzmann Equation for Complex Rarefied Gas Flow Problems," Rarefied Gas Dynamics, Vol. 11, pp. 337-342, July 1988.
  • Lee, K. D., and Loellbach, J. M., "Numerical Generation of Surface Grids on Arbitrary Three-Dimensional Surface Problems," Numerical Methods in Laminar and Turbulent Flow, Vol. 5, Part 2, pp. 1126-1137, July 1987.
  • Rubbert P. E. and Lee, K. D., "Patched Coordinate Systems," Applied Mathematics and Computation, Vol. 10/11, pp. 235-252, 1982.
  • Lee, K. D., "Numerical Simulation of the Wind Tunnel Environment by Panel Method," AIAA Journal, Vol. 19, No. 5, pp. 470-475, April 1981.
  • Yen, S. M. and Lee, K. D., "A Numerical Method of the Solution of the Boltzmann Equation for a Plasma Diode Problem," Rarefied Gas Dynamics, Vol. 14, pp. 469-474, July 1978.

Articles in Conference Proceedings

  • Lee, K. D., ￿CFD-based Aerodynamic Design,￿ UKC2008, KSEA, San Diego, CA, August 14-16, 2008.
  • Lee, K. D., Shim, J., and Chung, J., ￿Ice Effects on Aerodynamic Performance of Airfoils,￿ Numerical Simulations of Incompressible Flows, edited by M. M. Hafez, World Scientific Publishing, 2003, pp.450-459.
  • Lee, K. D., ￿The Present and the Future of Spacecraft and Launch Vehicles,￿ Proceedings of the 2002 World Congress of Korean Scientists and Engineers, Seoul, Korea, July 2002.
  • Lee, K. D., Chung, J., and Shim, J., ￿Shape Optimization of Compressor Blades Using 3D Navier-Stokes Flow Physics,￿ Proceedings of KSCFE 2001, BEXCO, Busan, Korea, May 2001.
  • Shim, J., Chung, J., and Lee, K. D., ￿A Grid Generation Strategy for CFD Analysis of Iced Airfoil Flows,￿ Proceedings of 7th International Conference on Numerical Grid Generation in Computational Field Simulations, pp. 71-80, Whistler, BC, Canada, September 2000.
  • Shim, J., Chung, J., and Lee, K. D., ￿A Comparison of Turbulence Modeling in Flow Analysis of Iced Airfoils,￿ Proceedings of 18th AIAA Applied Aerodynamics Conference, pp. 30-37, Vol. 1, August, 2000.
  • Choo, Y., Lee, K. D, Thompson, D., and Vickerman, M., ￿Surface Preparation and Grid Generation for the Simulation of Icing Effects on Airfoil Performance and for the Prediction of Ice Accretion on Airfoils,￿ Proceedings of 7th International Conference on Numerical Grid Generation in Computational Field Simulations, Whistler, BC, Canada, September 2000.
  • Lee, K. D. and Chung, J., ￿Shape Optimization of Transonic Turbomachinery based on Navier-Stokes Physics,￿ Proceedings of the 1999 World Congress of Korean Scientists and Engineers, pp. 1067-1079, Seoul, Korea, July 1999.
  • Chung, J. and Lee, K. D., ￿Design Optimization of Transonic Compressor Blades with the Quasi-3D Navier-Stokes Equations,￿ FEDSM 99-6894, Proceedings of the 3rd ASME/JSME Joint Fluids Engineering Conference, San Francisco, CA, July 1999.
  • Eyi, S. and Lee, K. D., ￿Turbomachinery Blade Design using the Navier-Stokes Equations,￿ ICAS-98-5.4.5, Proceedings 21st Congress of International Council of Aeronautical Sciences, ,Melbourne, Australia, September 1998.
  • Lee, K. D., ￿Korea-U.S. Cooperation in Aerospace Technologies,￿ Proccedings, 30th KSAS Annual Meeting and Technical Conference, Aerospace Technology Forum, pp. 53-57, Seoul, Korea, Nov. 1997.
  • Lee, K. D., ￿Changing Trends in Aircraft Design,￿ Proceedings, 30th KSAS Annual Meeting and Technical Conference, pp. 131-138, Seoul, Korea, Nov. 1997.
  • Eyi, S., Damodaran, M., and Lee, K. D., "Inverse Design of Transonic Airfoils," Proceedings, 7th Asian Congress of Fluid Mechanics, Vol. 1, pp. 275-278, Chennai, India, Dec. 1997.
  • Chand, K. K. and Lee, K. D., "Grid Quality Improvement via Redistribution and Embedding," Proceedings, 15th IMACS World Congress on Scientific Computation, Modelling and Applied Mathematics, Vol. 2, pp. 241-246, Berlin, Germany, August 1997.
  • Lee, K. D. and Eyi, S., "Aerodynamic Shape Optimization Based on Navier-Stokes Physics," Proceedings of 20th Congress of International Council of Aeronautical Sciences, pp. 1502-1512, Sorrento, Italy, September 1996.
  • Eyi, S. and Lee, K. D., "Efficiency Improvement of Sensitivity Evaluation for Aerodynamic Shape Optimization," AIAA Paper 96-2506, Proceedings of 14th Applied Aerodynamic Conference, pp. 1022-1031, New Orleans, LA, June 1996.
  • Chand, K. K., Lee, K. D., and Choo, Y. K., "Adaptive Grid Generation Using Redistribution and Embedding," Proceedings of the 5th International Conference on Numerical Grid Generation in Computational Field Simulations, Vol. 2, pp. 1141-1149, Mississippi State, MS, April 1996.
  • Eyi, S. and Lee, K. D., "Effects of Sensitivity Analysis on Aerodynamic Design Optimization," Proceedings of Forum on Computational Fluid Dynamics for Design and Optimization, International Mechanical Engineering Conference and Exposition, pp. 1-8, San Francisco, CA, Nov. 1995.
  • Eyi, S. and Lee, K. D., "Experiences in Aerodynamic Shape Optimization Using the Navier-Stokes Equations," Proceedings of Sixth International Symposium on Computational Fluid Dynamics, Vol. 4, pp. 29-34, Lake Tahoe, NV, Sept. 1995.
  • Bacon, J. A., Henderson, T. L., and Lee, K. D., "Grid Generation Using an Elliptic-Hyperbolic Hybrid Method," Proceedings of 4th International Conference on Numerical Grid Generation in Computational Fluid Dynamics and Related Fields, pp. 3-14, Swansea, UK, April 1994.
  • Lee, K. D., Hager, J. O., and Eyi, S., "A Multi-Point Optimization for Transonic Airfoil Design," Proceedings of Fourth Symposium on Multidisciplinary Analysis and Optimization, Independence, Ohio, pp. 13-20, September 21-23, 1992.
  • Lee, K. D., Henderson, T. L., and Choo, Y. K., "MAG3D and its Application to Internal Flowfield Analysis," Proceedings of NASA Workshop on Software Systems for Surface Modeling and Grid Generation, Hampton, VA, pp. 363-377, April 28-30, 1992.
  • Lee, K. D., and Eyi, S., "Transonic Airfoil Design by Constrained Optimization," AIAA Paper 91-3287-CP, Proceedings of AIAA 9th Applied Aerodynamics Conference, pp. 677-687, Baltimore, Maryland, September 1991.
  • Loellbach, J. M., Huang, W. C., and Lee, K. D. "Three-Dimensional Navier-Stokes Calculations using Solution-Adaptive grids," Proceedings of AIAA 10th Computational Fluid Dynamics Conference, pp. 985-986, Honolulu, Hawaii, June 1991.
  • Lee, K. D., Henderson, T. L., and Choo, Y. K., "Grid Quality Improvement by a Grid Adaptation Technique," Proceedings of 3rd International Conference on Numerical Grid Generation in Computational Fluid Mechanics, pp. 597-606, Barcelona, Spain, June 1991.
  • Kim, M. S., Loellbach, J. M., and Lee, K. D., "Navier-Stokes Solutions for Hypersonic Base Flows," Proceedings of International Aerospace Congress 1991, Paper 5C-2, Melbourne, Australia, May 1991.
  • Lee, K. D. and Eyi, S., "Aerodynamic Design via Optimization," Proceedings of 17th Congress of the International Council of the Aeronautical Sciences, ICAS Paper 90-6.9.1, pp. 1808-1818, Stockholm, Sweden, September 1990.
  • Lee, K. D. and Henderson, T. L., "Grid Generation Strategies for Turbomachinery Configurations," Proceedings of the CFD Symposium on Aeropropulsion, Paper 021, NASA Lewis Research Center, Cleveland, OH, April 1990.
  • Lee, K. D. and Loellbach, J. M., "A Mapping Technique for Solution-Adaptive Grid Control," Proceedings of AIAA 7th Applied Aerodynamics Conference, pp. 129-139, Seattle, WA, July 1989.
  • Lee, K. D. and Brandt, S. A., "An Inviscid/Viscous Coupling Approach for Vortex Flowfield Calculations," Proceedings of AIAA 9th Computational Fluid Dynamics Conference, pp. 322-332, Buffalo, NY, June 1989.
  • Lee, K. D., Loellbach, J. M. and Pierce, T. R., "Solution-Adaptive Grid Generation Using a Parametric Mapping," Proceedings of 2nd International Conference on Numerical Grid Generation in Computational Fluid Mechanics, Part I, Section 2, pp. 455-464, Miami Beach, FL, December 1988.
  • Lee, K. D. and Brandt, S. A., "Modeling of Vortex Dominated Flowfields in the Euler Formulation," Proceedings of 16th Congress of the International Council of the Aeronautical Sciences, pp. 1437-1450, ICAS Paper 88-5.9.3, Jerusalem, Israel, August 1988.
  • Rubbert, P.E. and Lee, K.D., "Patched Coordinate Systems," Numerical Grid Generation, edited by J.F. Thompson, North-Holland, pp. 235-252, April 1982.
  • *Lee, K. D., "3-D Transonic Flow Computations Using Grid Systems with Block Structure," Proceedings of AIAA 5th Computational Fluid Dynamics Conference, pp. 42-1-7, Palo Alto, CA, June 1981.
  • Lee, K. D., Huang, M., Yu, N. J. and Rubbert, P. E., "Grid Generation for General Three-Dimensional Configurations," Proceedings of Workshop on Numerical Grid Generation Techniques for Partial Differential Equations, Vol. II, NASA Langley Research Center, Hampton, VA, October 1980.
  • Lee, K. D. and Yen , S. M., "Effect of Grid System on Finite Element Calculations," Proceedings of Workshop on Numerical Grid Generation Techniques for Partial Differential Equations, Vol. I, NASA Langley Research Center, Hampton, VA, October 1980.
  • Lee, K. D. and Rubbert, P. E., "Transonic Flow Computations Using Grid Systems with Block Structures," Lecture Notes in Physics, Proceedings of Seventh International Conference on Numerical Methods in Fluid Dynamics, Vol. 141, pp. 266-271, Stanford, CA, June 1980.
  • Lee, K. D., "Numerical Simulation of the Wind Tunnel Environment by a Panel Method," Proceedings of AIAA 11th Aerodynamic Testing Conference, pp. 24-30, Colorado Spring, CO, March 1980.
  • Yen, S. M. and Lee, K. D., "Design Criteria and Generation of Optimum Finite Element Meshes," Lecture Notes in Physics, Proceedings of 6th International Conference on Numerical Methods in Fluid Dynamics, Vol. 90, pp. 579-586, Tbilisi, U.S.S.R., June 1978.
  • Yen, S. M., Lee, K. D. and Akai, T. J., "Finite Element and Finite Difference Solutions of Nonlinear Free-Surface Wave Problems," Proceedings of 2nd International Conference on Numerical Ship Hydrodynamics, pp. 305-318, Berkeley, CA, September 1977.
  • Yen, S. M. and Lee, K. D., "Application of Finite Element Method to Potential Flow Problems," Proceedings of 2nd International Symposium on Finite Element Methods in Flow Problems, pp. 539-552, S. Margherita, Ligure, Italy, June 1976.

Professional Societies

  • Member, Phi Kappa Phi, 1974-present
  • Member, Sigma Gamma Tau, 1974-present
  • Korean Scientists and Engineers in America Vice President, 1996-1997
  • Korean Scientists and Engineers in America President-elect, 1997-1998
  • Korean Scientists and Engineers in America President, 1998-1999
  • Member, Korean Scientists and Engineers in America, 1974-present
  • Member, Society of Automotive Engineers, 1989-1997
  • Member, American Society of Mechanical Engineers, 1989-present
  • American Institute of Aeronautics & Astronautics Faculty Advisor, UIUC Student Chapter, 1997-2000
  • American Institute of Aeronautics & Astronautics Section Chairman - Illinois Section, 1989-2000
  • American Institute of Aeronautics & Astronautics Associate Fellow, 1990-present
  • Member, American Institute of Aeronautics & Astronautics, 1978-present

Honors

  • Distinguished Alumnus Award, Seoul National University, Korea (June 2006)
  • Invited Professor, Seoul National University, Seoul, Korea (Jan-Dec, 2001)
  • Award for Turning Goals into Reality, NASA, Washington, DC (2001)
  • Installation to Overseas Member, National Academy of Engineering of Korea (1999)
  • Man of the Year, Kyunggi High School Alumni Association, Seoul, Korea (December 1998)
  • Special Service Citation, AIAA, Washington, DC (April 1998)
  • Visiting Summer Faculty, The Boeing Company, Seattle, WASummer (1996)
  • Faculty Summer Fellow, NASA Ames Research Center, Moffett Field, CASummer (1994)
  • Faculty Summer Fellow, NASA Langley Research Center, Hampton, VASummer (1994)
  • Faculty Summer Fellow, NASA Ames Research Center, Moffett Field, CASummer (1993)
  • Invited Lecturer, Supercomputing Summer Institute, Seattle, WASummer (1986)
  • Team Leader of The Best IR&D Team Award by DOD, Boeing, Seattle, WA (1983, 1984)
  • Invited Lecturer, Korean Institute of Science and Technology, Seoul, Korea (Fall, 1983)
  • Medal for International Cooperation, Donier Aircraft Co., GermanySeptember (1981)
  • University Fellow, University of Illinois, Urbana, IL (1971-1973)
  • Top of the Class, Seoul National University, Seoul, Korea (1967)