Faculty Profile

Surya Pratap Vanka

Mechanical Science and Engineering
Surya Pratap Vanka
Surya Pratap Vanka
Research Professor, Professor Emeritus
3011 Mechanical Engineering Lab
105 S. Mathews
Urbana Illinois 61801
(217) 244-8388

Primary Research Area

  • Fluid Mechanics

Education

  • MBA Business University of Chicago 1985
  • Ph.D. ME Imperial College, London 1975
  • M.Tech (Eng) ME Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur 1970
  • B.Sc.(Eng) (Honors) ME Banaras Hindu University, India 1968

Academic Positions

  • Professor Emeritus, Department of Mechanical Science and Engineering, UIUC, June 30, 2012-date
  • Visiting Professor, Department of Mechanical Engineering, IIT-Hyd., June 1-Oct. 15, 2010
  • Professor, Department of Mechanical Science and Engineering, UIUC, Aug. 21, 1993-June 30, 2012
  • Associate Professor, Department of Mechanical and Industrial Engineering, UIUC, 1989-Aug. 21, 1993

For more information

Other Professional Employment

  • Scientist, Argonne National Laboratory, 1979-88
  • Senior Engineer, Energy Inc., Idaho Falls, ID, 1978-79
  • Group Leader, CHAM Ltd., UK, 1975-78

Major Consulting Activities

  • Flow Parametrics, LLC, 2007-2010
  • American Computing, Inc., Auburn, AL, 1999-00
  • Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, IL, 1999

Research Statement

Professor Vanka is working in a number of areas related to computational fluid dynamics. These include transport processes in chemical vapor deposition (CVD) reactors, large eddy simulations in continuous casting of steel, microscale mixing, particle transport in turbulent flows and heat transfer in wavy passages.

His most recent contributions have been in CVD flow and transport processes. He investigated a geometry and parameter set that gives uniform deposition of the thin film on large diameter wafers-a process that may be of importance to the microelectronics industry.

Research Interests

  • Lattice Boltzmann Methods
  • Parallel Computing, Graphics Processing Units
  • Large eddy simulations of turbulence
  • Multigrid methods
  • Computational fluid dynamics

Research Areas

  • Fluid Mechanics

Selected Articles in Journals

  • Shinn, A. F. and S. P. Vanka, "Large Eddy Simulations of Film-Cooling Flows with a Micro-Ramp Vortex Generator," Journal of Turbomachinery, v 135, n 1, p 011004 (13 pp.), Jan. 2013.
  • Chaudhary, R., B. G. Thomas and S. P. Vanka, "Effect of Electromagnetic Ruler Braking (EMBr) on Transient Turbulent Flow in Continuous Slab Casting using Large Eddy Simulations," Metallurgical and Materials Transactions B, v 43, n 3, p 532-53, June 2012.
  • Tiwari, A. and S. P. Vanka, "A Ghost Gluid Lattice Boltzmann Method for Complex Geometries," Int. J. Numerical Methods in Fluids, International Journal for Numerical Methods in Fluids, v 69, n 2, p 481-98, 20 May 2012.
  • Chaudhary, R., C. Ji, B. G. Thomas, S. P. Vanka, "Transient Turbulent Flow in a Liquid-Metal Model of Continuous Casting, Including Comparison of Six Different Methods," Metallurgical and Materials Transactions B: Process Metallurgy and Materials Processing Science, v 42, n 5, p 987-1007, October 2011.
  • Chaudhary, R., A. F. Shinn, S. P. Vanka, and B. G. Thomas, "Direct Numerical Simulations of Transverse and Spanwise Magnetic Field effects on Turbulent Flow in a 2:1 Aspect Ratio Rectangular Duct," Computers and Fluids, v 51, n 1, p 100-114, 15 December 2011.
  • Sahu K. and S. P. Vanka, "A Multiphase Lattice Boltzmann Study of Buoyancy-Induced Mixing in a Tilted Channel," Computers and Fluids, v 50, n 1, p 199-215, Nov. 2011.
  • Chaudhary, R., S. P. Vanka, and B. G. Thomas, "Direct Numerical Simulations of Magnetic Field Effects on Turbulent Flow in a Square Duct," Phys. Fluids, Vol. 22, n. 7, p. 1-15, July 2010.
  • Shinn, A. F., M. Goodwin, and S. P. Vanka, ￿Immersed Boundary Simulations of Shear- and Bouyancey-driven Flows in Complex Enclosures,￿ International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer, 52: 17-18, 4082-4089, 2009.
  • Artemov, V., S. B. Beale, G de Vahl Davis, M. P. Escudier, N. Fueyo, B. E. Launder, E. Leonardi, M. R. Malin, W. J. Minkowycz, S.V. Patankar, A. Pollard, W. Rodi, A. Runchal, and S. P. Vanka ￿A Tribute to D.B. Spalding and His Contributions in Science and Engineering,￿ International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer, 52:17-18, 3884-3905, 2009.
  • Shankar, N., N. G. Glumac, M. F. Yu, and S. P. Vanka, ￿Growth of Nanodiamond/Carbon-Nanotube Composites with Hot Filament Chemical Vapor Deposition,￿ Diamond and Related Materials, 17, 79-83, 2008.
  • Thomas, B. G., Q. Yuan, B. Zhao, and S. P. Vanka, ￿Transient Fluid-Flow Phenomena in the Continuous Steel-Slab Casting Mold and Defect Formation,￿ JOMe, (Journal of Metals ￿ electronic edition), December 2006, www.tms.org/jom.html (http://www.tms.org/pubs/journals/JOM/0612/Thomas/Thomas-0612.html)
  • Shankar, N., M.-F. Yu, S. P. Vanka, and N. G. Glumac, ￿Synthesis ot Tungsten Oxide (WO3) Nanorods Using Carbon Nanotubes as Templates by Hot Filament Chemical Vapor Deposition,￿ Materials Letters, 60, 771-774, 2006.
  • Zhao, B., B. G. Thomas, S. P. Vanka, and R. J. O￿Malley, ￿Transient Fluid Flow and Superheat Transport in Continuous Casting of Steel Slabs,￿ Metallurgical and Materials Transactions B, 36B:12, 801-823, Dec. 2005.
  • Zhao, B., B. G. Thomas, S. P. Vanka, and R. J. O￿Malley, ￿Transient Flow and Temperature Transport in Continuous Casting of Steel Slabs,￿ ASME Journal Heat Transfer, 127, 807, 2005.
  • Zhao, B., S. P. Vanka, and B. G. Thomas, ￿Numerical Study of Flow and Heat Transfer in a Molten Flux Layer,￿ International J. Heat and Fluid Flow, 26:1, 105-118, 2005.
  • Yuan, Q., B. Zhao, S. P. Vanka, and B. G. Thomas, ￿Study of Computational Issues in Simulation of Transient Flow in Continuous Casting,￿ Steel Research International, 76:1, 33-43, 2005.
  • Rani, S. L., C. M. Winkler, and S. P. Vanka, ￿Numerical Simulations of Turbulence Modulation by Dense Particles in a Fully Developed Pipe Flow,￿ J. Powder Technology, 141:1-2, 80-99, 2004.
  • Yuan, Q., S. Sivaramakrishnan, S. P. Vanka, and B. G. Thomas, ￿Computational and Experimental Study of Turbulent Flow in a 0.4-Scale Water Model of a Continuous Steel Caster,￿ Metallurgical and Materials Transactions B: Process Metallurgy and Materials Processing Science, 35:5, 967-982, 2004.
  • Yuan, Q., B. G. Thomas, and S. P. Vanka, ￿Study of Transient Flow and Particle Transport in Continuous Steel Caster Molds: Part 1--Fluid Flow,￿ Metallurgical and Materials Transactions B: Process Metallurgy and Materials Processing Science, 35:4, 685-702, 2004.
  • Vanka, S. P., G. Luo, and N. G. Glumac, ￿Parametric Effects on Thin Film Growth and Uniformity in an Atmospheric Pressure Impinging Jet CVD Reactor," J. Crystal Growth, 267:1-2, 22-34, 2004.
  • Vanka, S. P., G. Luo, and C. M. Winkler, ￿Numerical Study of Scalar Mixing in Curved Channels at Low Reynolds Numbers,￿ AIChE Journal, 50:10, 2359-2368, 2004.
  • Yuan, Q. B. G. Thomas, and S. P. Vanka, ￿Study of Transient Flow and Particle Transport in Continuous Steel Caster Molds: Part II--Particle Transport,￿ Metallurgical and Materials Transactions B: Process Metallurgy and Materials Processing Science, 35:4, 703-714, 2004.
  • Vanka, S. P., G. Luo, and N. G. Glumac, ￿Numerical Study of Mixed Convection Flow in an Impinging Jet CVD Reactor for Atmospheric Pressure of Thin Films,￿ J. Heat Transfer, 126:5, 764-775, 2004.
  • Luo, G., S. P. Vanka, and N. G. Glumac, ￿Fluid Flow and Transport Processes in a Large Area Atmospheric Pressure Stagnation Flow CVD Reactor for Deposition of Thin Films,￿ International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer, 47:23, 4979-4994, 2004.
  • Rani, S. L., C. M. Winkler, and S. P. Vanka, ￿A New Algorithm for Computing Binary Collisions in Dispersed Two-Phase Flows,￿ Numerical Heat Transfer Part B-Fundamentals, 45:1, 99-107, 2004.
  • Winkler, C. M., S. L. Rani, and S. P. Vanka, ￿Preferential Concentration of Particles in a Fully-Developed Turbulent Square Duct Flow,￿ Int. J. Multiphase Flow, 30, 27-50, 2004.
  • Mukhopadhyay, A., P. Venugopal, and S. P. Vanka, ￿Oblique Vortex Shedding from a Circular Cylinder in Linear Shear Flow,￿ Computers and Fluids, 31, 1-24, 2002.
  • Thomas, B. G., Q. Yuan, S. Sivaramakrishnan, T. Shi, S. P. Vanka, and M. B. Assar, ￿Comparison of Four Methods to Evaluate Fluid Velocities in a Continuous Slab Casting Mold,￿ ISIJ International, 41:10, 1262-1271, 2001.
  • Stone, K. and S. P. Vanka, ￿Numerical Study of Developing Flow and Heat Transfer in a Wavy Passage,￿ Journal of Fluids Engineering, 121, 713-719, 1999.
  • Mukhopadhyay, A., P. Venugopal, and S. P. Vanka, ￿Numerical Study of Vortex Shedding from a Circular Cylinder in Linear Shear Flow,￿ Journal of Fluids Engineering, 121:2, 460-468, 1999.
  • Robichaux, J. H., S. Balachandar, and S. P. Vanka, ￿Three-Dimensional Instability of the Wake of Square Cylinder,￿ Physics of Fluids, 11:3, 560, 1999.
  • Wang, G., K. Stone, and S. P. Vanka, ￿Unsteady Heat Transfer in Baffled Channels,￿ Journal of Heat Transfer, 118:3, 585-591, 1996.
  • V￿r, S., T. Burton, and S. P. Vanka, ￿Finite Volume Multigrid Calculation of Natural Convection Flows on Unstructured Grids,￿ Numerical Heat Transfer, 30:1, 1-22, 1996.
  • Jyotsna, R. and S. P. Vanka, ￿Multigrid Calculation of Steady, Viscous Flow in a Triangular Cavity,￿ Journal of Computational Physics, 122, 107-117, 1995.
  • Najjar, F. M. and S. P. Vanka, ￿Effects of Intrinsic Three-Dimensionality on the Drag Characteristics of a Normal Flat Plate,￿ Physics of Fluids, Brief Communication, 7:10, 2516-2518, 1995.
  • Wang, G. and S. P. Vanka, ￿Convective Heat Transfer in Periodic Wavy Passages,￿ International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer, 38:17, 3219-3230, 1995.
  • Najjar, F. M. and S. P. Vanka, ￿Simulations of the Unsteady Separated Flow Past a Normal Flat Plate,￿ International Journal for Numerical Methods in Fluids, 21, 525-547, 1995.
  • Fricker, D. M., J. D. Holdeman, and S. P. Vanka, ￿Calculations of Hot Gas Ingestion for a STOVL Aircraft Model,￿ Journal of Aircraft, 31:1, 236-242, 1994; also presented at the 30th Aerospace Sciences Meeting and Exhibit, Reno, NV, AIAA-92-0385, Jan. 6-9, 1992.
  • Wang, M. and S. P. Vanka, ￿A Parallel ADI Algorithm for High Order Finite Difference Solution of the Unsteady Heat Conduction Equation, and its Implementation on the CM-5,￿ Numerical Heat Transfer, 24, 143-160, 1993.
  • Robichaux, J. H., S. P. Vanka, and D. K. Tafti, ￿Large Eddy Simulations of Turbulence on a Massively Parallel Computer,￿ Parallel Computational Fluid Dynamics, '92, North Holland Publishers, 349-358, 1993.
  • Gursoy, A., L. V. Kale, and S. P. Vanka, ￿Unsteady Fluid Flow Calculations Using a Machine Independent Parallel Programming Environment,￿ Parallel Computational Fluid Dynamics, '92, North Holland Publishers, 175-185, 1993.
  • Smith, K. M., W. K. Cope, and S. P. Vanka, ￿A Multigrid Procedure for Three-Dimensional Flows on Non-Orthogonal Collocated Grid,￿ International Journal for Numerical Methods in Fluids, 17, 887-904, 1993.
  • Najjar, F. M. and S. P. Vanka, ￿Numerical Study of a Separated-Reattaching Flow,￿ Theoretical and Computational Fluid Dynamics, 5, 291-308, 1993.
  • Madabhushi, R. K., S. Balachandar, and S. P. Vanka, "A Divergence-Free Chebyshev Collocation Procedure for Incompressible Flows with Two Non-periodic Directions,"￿ Journal of Computational Physics, 105:2, 199-206, 1993.
  • Robichaux, J., D. K. Tafti, and S. P. Vanka, ￿Large Eddy Simulations of Turbulence on the CM-2,￿ Numerical Heat Transfer B, 21, 367-388, 1992.
  • Claus, R. W. and S. P. Vanka, ￿Multigrid Calculations of Jet in a Cross-flow,￿ Journal of Propulsion and Power, 8:2, 425-431, 1992; also presented at the AIAA Aerospace Sciences Meeting, Reno, NV, AIAA 90-0444, 1990.
  • Krazinski, J. L., S. P. Vanka, J. A. Pearce, and W. M. Roquemore, ￿A Computational Fluid Dynamics and Chemistry Model for Jet Fuel Thermal Stability,￿ Journal of Engineering for Gas Turbines and Power, 114, 104-110, 1992; also presented at the 35th ASME International Gas Turbine and Aeroengine Congress, Brussels, Belgium, June 11-14, 1990.
  • Tafti, D. K. and S. P. Vanka, "A Three-Dimensional Numerical Study of Flow Separation and Reattachment on a Blunt Plate,"￿ Physics of Fluids, 3:12, 2887-2909, 1991.
  • Madabhushi, R. K. and S. P. Vanka, "Large Eddy Simulation of Turbulence-Driven Secondary Flow in a Square Duct,"￿ Physics of Fluids, 3:11, 2734-2745, 1991.
  • Tafti, D. K. and S. P. Vanka, "A Numerical Study of Flow Separation and Reattachment on a Blunt Plate,"￿ Physics of Fluids, 3:7, 1749-1759, 1991.
  • Joshi, D. S. and S. P. Vanka, ￿Multigrid Calculation Procedure for Internal Flows in Complex Geometries,￿ Numerical Heat Transfer, Part B, 20, 61-80, 1991; also presented at the AIAA Aerospace Sciences Meeting, Reno, NV, AIAA 90-0442, 1990.
  • Tafti, D. K. and S. P. Vanka, ￿Hot Gas Environment Around STOVL Aircraft in Ground Proximity Part 2, Numerical Study,￿ AIAA Journal of Aircraft, 29:1, 20-27, 1991.
  • Vanka, S. P., ￿Fast Numerical Computation of Viscous Flow in a Cube,￿ Numerical Heat Transfer, Part B, 2:20, 255-261, 1991.
  • Tafti, D. K. and S. P. Vanka, "A Numerical Study of the Effects of Spanwise Rotation on Turbulent Channel Flow,"￿ Physics of Fluids, 3:4, 642-656, 1991.
  • Darr, J. H. and S. P. Vanka, ￿Separated Flow in a Driven Trapezoidal Cavity,￿ Physics of Fluids, 3:3, 385-392, 1991.
  • Nejad, A-S., S. C. Favalovo, S. P. Vanka, M. Samimy, and C. Langenfeld, ￿Application of Laser Velocimetry for Characterization of Confined Swirling Flow,￿ Journal of Engineering for Gas Turbines and Power, 111:1, 36-45, 1989.
  • Karki, K. C., S. P. Vanka, and H. C. Mongia, "Fluid Flow Calculations Using a Multigrid Method and an Improved Discretization Scheme,"￿ Numerical Heat Transfer, Part B, 16:2, 143-159, 1989.
  • Vanka, S. P., J. L. Krazinski, and A. S. Nejad, ￿Efficient Computational Tool for Ramjet Combustor Research,￿ AIAA J. Propulsion and Power, 5:4, 431-437, 1989.
  • Thompson, C. P., G. K. Leaf, and S. P. Vanka, ￿Application of a Multigrid Method to a Buoyancy-Induced Flow Problem,￿ Multigrid Methods, Theory, Applications and Supercomputing, S. F. McCormick, ed., Marcel Decker, 605-629, 1988.
  • Vanka, S. P. and K. P. Misegades, "Vectorized Multigrid Fluid Flow Calculations on a CRAY X-MP/48,"￿ International Journal for Numerical Methods in Fluids, 7, 635-648, 1987.
  • Vanka, S. P., ￿Second-Order Upwind Differencing in a Recirculating Flow,￿ AIAA Journal, 25:11, 1435-1441, 1987.
  • Vanka, S. P., ￿Block-Implicit Multigrid Calculation of Two-Dimensional Recirculating Flows,￿ Computer Methods in Applied Mechanics and Engineering, 59, 29-48, 1986.
  • Vanka, S. P., ￿Performance of a Multigrid Calculation Procedure in Three-Dimensional Sudden Expansion Flows,￿ International Journal of Numerical Methods in Fluids, 6, 459-477, 1986.
  • Vanka, S. P., R. R. Craig, and F. D. Stull, ￿Mixing, Chemical Reaction, and Flowfield Development in Ducted Rockets,￿ J. Propulsion and Power, 2:4, 331-338, 1986.
  • Vanka, S. P., ￿A Calculation Procedure for Three-Dimensional Steady Recirculating Flows Using Multigrid Methods,￿ Computer Methods in Applied Mechanics and Engineering, 55, 321-338, 1986.
  • Vanka, S. P., "Block-Implicit Multigrid Solution of Navier Stokes Equations in Primitive Variables,"￿ J. Comp. Physics, 65:1, 138-158, 1986.
  • Vanka, S. P., "Calculation of Axisymmetric Turbulent Confined Diffusion Flames,"￿ AIAA Journal, 24:3, 462-469, 1986.
  • Vanka, S. P., ￿Block-Implicit Calculations of Three-Dimensional Laminar Flow in Strongly Curved Ducts,￿ AIAA Journal, 23:12, 1989-1991, 1985.
  • Vanka, S. P., "Block-Implicit Calculation of Steady Turbulent Recirculating Flows,"￿ International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer, 28:11, 2093-2103, 1985.
  • Stull, F. D., R. R. Craig, G. D. Streby, and S. P. Vanka, ￿Investigation of Dual Inlet Side Dump Combustor Using Liquid Fuel Injection,￿ Journal of Propulsion of Power, 1:1, 83-88, 1985.
  • Ahluwalia, R. K. and S. P. Vanka, ￿Secondary Flow Effects in Diagonal MHD Channels,￿ J. Energy, 7:5, 387-388, 1983.
  • Vanka, S. P. and R. K. Ahluwalia, "Coupled Three-Dimensional Flow and Electrical Calculations for Faraday MHD Generators,"￿ J. Energy, 7:1, 65-72, 1983.
  • Ahluwalia, R. K., S. P. Vanka, K. H. Im, and S. A. Zwick, ￿Formulation and Assessment of a Cross-Plane Electrical Model for Magnetohydrodynamic Channels,￿ J. Energy, 6:5, 314-322, 1982.
  • Vanka, S. P. and R. K. Ahluwalia, ￿Three-Dimensional Flow and Heat Transfer Development in Magnetohydrodynamic Channels,￿ J. Energy, 6:3, 218-224, 1982.
  • Vanka, S. P., B. C-J. Chen, and W. T. Sha, ￿A Semi-Implicit Calculation Procedure for Flows Described in Boundary-Fitted Coordinate Systems,￿ Numerical Heat Transfer, 3, 1-19, 1980.
  • S. P. Vanka, Chen, B. C-J., and W. T. Sha, ￿Some Recent Computations of Rod Bundle Thermal Hydraulics Using Boundary Fitted Coordinates,￿ Nuclear Engineering and Design, 62, 123-135, 1980.
  • Majumder, A. K., V. S. Pratap, and D. B. Spalding, ￿Numerical Computation of Flow in Rotating Ducts,￿ ASME Journal of Fluids Engineering, 99:10, 148-153, 1977.
  • Pratap, V. S. and D. B. Spalding, ￿Fluid Flow and Heat Transfer in Three-Dimensional Duct Flows,￿ International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer, 19, 1183-1188, 1976.
  • Pratap, V. S. and D. B. Spalding, ￿Numerical Computations of Flow in Curved Ducts,￿ The Aeronautical Quarterly, 26:3, 219-228, 1975.
  • Patankar, S. V., V. S. Pratap, and D. B. Spalding, "Prediction of Turbulent Flow in Curved Pipes,￿ Journal of Fluid Mechanics, 67:3, 583-595, 1975.
  • Patankar, S. V., V. S. Pratap, and D. B. Spalding, "Prediction of Laminar Flow and Heat Transfer in Helically-Coiled Pipes," Journal of Fluid Mechanics, 62:3, 539-551, 1974.

Professional Societies

  • Member, Coordinating Group on CFD, ASME
  • Member, Fluid Mechanics Group, ASME
  • Fellow, American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME)
  • Member, Propellants and Combustion Technical Committee, AIAA
  • Associate Fellow, American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics (AIAA)

Teaching Honors

  • Listed in the Daily Illini ￿Incomplete List of Teachers Ranked as Excellent by Their Students￿ for Spring 2009
  • Listed in the Daily Illini ￿Incomplete List of Teachers Ranked as Excellent by Their Students￿ for Fall 2005

Research Honors

  • Freeman Scholar Award, ASME, 2012
  • Bhatnagar Memorial Lecture Award, Indian Society of Theoretical and Applied Mechanics, Dec. 2008
  • Robert W. Hunt Silver Medal, (Best Paper, jointly with Q. Yuan and B. G. Thomas), Association for Iron and Steel Technology, 2004
  • Associate Fellow, American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics
  • Fellow, American Society of Mechanical Engineers

Public Service Honors

  • Associate Fellow, American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics, 1995
  • Fellow, American Society of Mechanical Engineers, 1996