Rafael O. Tinoco
Primary Research Area
- Environmental Hydrology and Hydraulic Engineering
- Ph.D. Civil and Environmental Engineering, Cornell University, 2011
- M.S. Civil and Environmental Engineering, Cornell University, 2008
- B.S. Civil Engineering, Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico, 2005
Rafael O. Tinoco holds a Civil Engineering degree from the Universidad Nacional Auta de Mco (2005). He conducted his graduate studies at the Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering at Cornell University, where he earned his M.S. (2008) and Ph.D. (2011) in Environmental Fluid Mechanics and Hydrology.
After graduation, Dr. Tinoco worked as a lecturer and postdoctoral associate at Cornell University, before taking a postdoctoral researcher position at the Environmental Hydraulics Institute of Cantabria. He later returned to Cornell University as a visiting instructor, teaching undergraduate and graduate level courses on fluid mechanics and transport and mixing processes, before joining the Faculty at the Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering at the University of Illinois during Fall 2015.
- Assistant Professor, University of Illinois, Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, August 2015 - Present
- Instructor, Cornell University, Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, May 2015 - July 2015
- Visiting Instructor, Cornell University, Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, May 2014 - December 2014
- Postdoctoral Research Associate, Environmental Hydraulics Institute of Cantabria, July 2012 - May 2014
- Postdoctoral Research Associate, Cornell University, Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, January 2012 - July 2012
- Instructor, Cornell University, Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, August 2011 - December 2011
For more information
- International Association of Hydrological Sciences, IAHS, 2008 - Present
- American Geophysical Union, AGU, 2007 - Present
Dr. Tinoco's research focuses on the interactions between hydrodynamics and aquatic ecosystems. His research group employs state of the art experimental techniques coupled with high-resolution numerical modeling to solve fundamental questions about physical and biological processes on Ecohydraulics and Ecomorphodynamics. Understanding such complex phenomena allow us to develop solutions to environmental problems, such as stream restoration and coastal protection, with the objective to maximize both ecosystem health and the services provided by those ecosystems.
- Tidal ecomorphodynamics: flow field and bed morphology evolution at the riverine-tidal interface.
- Development, testing and optimization of technologies for renewable energy.
- Machine learning: application of genetic programming and artificial neural networks on environmental flow problems.
- Development and application of novel experimental facilities and instrumentation for characterization of mean and turbulent properties of environmental flows, both in the laboratory and in the field.
- Biomorphodynamics: short and long-term effects of biota on sediment dynamics on wetlands, marshes, and coastal areas.
- Hydrodynamics of aquatic ecosystems: effects of vegetation density and morphology on mean and turbulent flow under unidirectional, oscillatory and combined conditions.
- Fish and larvae response to turbulent flows.
- Ecohydraulics: flow-ecosystem feedbacks and interactions.
Books Edited or Co-Edited (Original Editions)
- Coco, G., Blanco, B., Olabarrieta, M., and Tinoco, R.O., 8th Symposium on River, Coastal, and Estuarine Morphodynamics (RCEM2013), Book of Abstracts, Santander, Spain, 2013.
Selected Articles in Journals
- Tinoco, R.O., & Coco, G., 2016. A laboratory study on sediment resuspension within arrays of rigid cylinders, Advances in Water Resources, 92, 1-9, DOI: 10.1016/j.advwatres.2016.04.003.
- Muriel, D.F., Tinoco, R.O., Filardo, B.P., & Cowen, E.A., 2016. "Development of a novel, robust, sustainable and low cost self-powered water pump for use in free-flowing liquid streams", Renewable Energy,91, 466-476. DOI: 10.1016/j.renene.2016.01.089
- Tinoco, R.O., Goldstein, E. & Coco, G., 2015. A data-driven approach as a tool to find physically sound predictors: Application to depth-averaged velocities on flows through submerged arrays of rigid cylinders, Water Resources Research, 51(2), 1247-1263. DOI: 10.1002/2014WR016380
- Garcia, J., Gomez, A.G., Tinoco, R.O., Samano, M.L., Garcia, A. & Juanes, J., 2014. A 3D model to analyze environmental effects of dredging operations. Application to the Port of Marin, Spain, Advances in Geosciences. 39, 95-99. DOI: 10.5194/adgeo-39-95-2014
- Tinoco, R.O., & Coco, G., 2014. Observations on the effect of emergent vegetation on sediment resuspension under unidirectional currents and waves., Earth Surface Dynamics, 1, 601-636. DOI: 10.5194/esurf-2-83-2014
- Coco, G., Zhou, Z., van Maanen, B., Olabarrieta, M., Tinoco, R.O., & Townend, I., 2013. Morphodynamics of tidal networks: Advances and challenges. Marine Geology, 346, 1-16. DOI: 10.1016/j.margeo.2013.08.005
- Tinoco, R.O. & Cowen, E.A., 2013. The direct and indirect measurement of boundary stress and drag on individual and complex arrays of elements. Experiments in Fluids, 54(4). DOI: 10.1007/s00348-013-1509-3
- King, A.T., Tinoco, R.O., & Cowen, E.A., 2012. A k-\epsilon turbulence model based on the scales of vertical shear and stem wakes valid for emergent and submerged vegetated flows. Journal of Fluid Mechanics, 701: 1-39. DOI: 10.1017/jfm.2012.113
- Jaime, A. & Tinoco, R.O., 2006. Mdos de valuacie externalidades ambientales provocadas por obras de ingenier(Valuation of environmental externalities in engineering projects), Ingenier Investigaci Tecnolog Vol. VII.2, 2006, 105-119, ISSN 1405-7743, in Spanish
Articles in Conference Proceedings
- Harder, L.F., Rutherford, C.J., Bernhardt, M.L., Gamez, J., Lobbestael, A., Mofarraj, B., Musgrove, M., Pinter, N., Rosenblad, B., Tinoco, R.O., & Uong, M.D. "Preliminary observations of levee performance and damage following the 2015-16 midwest floods in Missouri and Illinois", Annual Conference of the Association of State Dam Safety Officials, Philadelphia, PA, September 2016.
- Tinoco, R.O., & Coco, G. "Erosion control by coastal vegetation: An experimental investigation", Accepted abstract, IAHR 27th Latin American Hydraulics Congress", Lima, Peru, September 2016.
- Cowen, E.A., Schweitzer, S.A., Citerone, V.R., King, A.T., Johnson, E.D., & Tinoco, R.O. "Exploiting Surface Turbulence Metrics and Secondary Flows in Straight River Reaches and Open Channels", 8th International Conference on Fluvial Hydraulics-River Flow 2016, St Louis, MO, July 2016.
- Tinoco, R.O., & Coco, G. A laboratory study on sediment resuspension within arrays of rigid cylinders, AGU Fall Meeting, San Francisco, CA, December 18 2015.
- Muriel, D., Tinoco, R.O., & E.A. Cowen. The Filardo Pump: a self-powered water pump and its applications for renewable energy, Congreso Latinoamericano de Hidrica, Santiago, Chile, August 2014.
- Tinoco, R.O. & Coco, G. On the onset of sediment motion and resuspension in the presence of submerged cylinders. Ocean Sciences Meeting, Honolulu, Hawaii, February 2014.
- Tinoco, R.O., Cowen, E.A. & Coco, G. Flow and drag on submerged obstructions: from flow through aquatic vegetation to sediment transport in communities of benthic organisms. 8th Symposium on River, Coastal and Estuarine Morphodynamics, RCEM 2013, Santander, Spain, June 2013.
- Coco, G., Olabarrieta, M. van Maanen, B., Zhou, Z., Tinoco, R.O. Morphodynamics of tidal networks: advances and challenges, Invited talk, AGU Fall Meeting, San Francisco, CA, December 7, 2012.
- Cowen, E.A., Tinoco, R.O., Muriel, D., Holst-Warhaft, G., Steenhuis, T.S., Filardo, B.P. & Shan, B. Development of a low-cost, robust, sustainable water-powered pump. Atkinson Center for a Sustainable Future Sustainability Panel, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY, October 26, 2012.
- Tinoco, R.O. & Cowen, E.A., Experimental study of vegetated flow: Three-dimensional flow structures and direct measurement of drag in aquatic canopies, Coherent Flow Structures in Geophysical Flows at Earth's Surface, Burnaby, BC, Canada, August 4, 2011.
- Tinoco, R.O., 2011. An experimental investigation of drag and the turbulent flow structure in simulated and real aquatic vegetation. Ph.D. Dissertation, Cornell University.
- Tinoco, R.O., 2008. An experimental investigation of the turbulent flow structure in one-dimensional emergent macrophyte patches. M.S. Thesis, Cornell University.
- Tinoco, R.O., 2005. Externalidades ambientales en las obras de IngenierCivil (Environmental externalities in civil engineering projects). B.S. Thesis, UNAM, in Spanish
- Tinoco, R.O., & Jaime, A., 2005. La carrera de IngenierCivil: una prospectiva (Expectations of the programs of Civil Engineering). Civil Engineering Journal from the CICM, 425(52), September 2004, in Spanish.
- International Association of Hydrological Sciences, 2008-present
- American Geophysical Union, 2007-present
Service on Department Committees
- Coordinator of EHHE PhD Qualifying Exam for 2016
- Augusto Gonzalez Linares Fellowship to attract international talent in strategic areas, University of Cantabria, Spain (2012 - 2014)