Improving Nanometer-Scale Manufacturing with Infrared Spectroscopy
Nanotechnology-based materials identification enables critically needed chemical metrology for nano-manufacturing.
One of the key achievements of the nanotechnology era is the development of manufacturing technologies that can fabricate nanostructures formed from multiple materials. Such nanometer-scale integration of composite materials has enabled innovations in electronic devices, solar cells, and medical diagnostics.
“We have used atomic force microscope-based infrared spectroscopy (AFM-IR) to characterize polymer nanostructures and systems of integrated polymer nanostructures,” said William King, the College of Engineering Bliss Professor in the Department of Mechanical Science and Engineering. “In this research, we have been able to chemically analyze polymer lines as small as 100 nm. We can also clearly distinguish different nanopatterned polymers using their infrared absorption spectra as obtained by the AFM-IR technique.”
“While nanotechnologists have long been interested in the manufacturing of integrated nanostructures, they have been limited by the lack of tools that can identify material composition at the nanometer scale.” said Craig Prater, co-author on the study and chief technology officer of Anasys Instruments Inc. “The AFM-IR technique offers the unique capability to simultaneously map the nanoscale morphology and perform chemical analysis at the nanoscale.”
The paper is titled, “Nanometer-Scale Infrared Spectroscopy of Heterogeneous Polymer Nanostructures Fabricated by Tip-Based Nanofabrication,” The authors are Jonathan Felts and William King of University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign and Kevin Kjoller, Michael Lo, and Craig Prater of Anasys Instruments Inc.
The research, published this month in ACS Nano, is available online at DOI:10.1021/nn302620f. The research was sponsored by the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency, the Air Force Office of Scientific Research, and the Department of Energy.
Contact: William P. King, Department of Mechanical Science and Engineering, 217/244-3864.
If you have any questions about the College of Engineering, or other story ideas, contact Rick Kubetz, editor, Engineering Communications Office, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, 217/244-7716.